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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/9631

Title: On the correlated frailty model for bivariate current status data
Authors: Hens, Niel
Wienke, Andreas
Aerts, Marc
Molenberghs, Geert
Issue Date: 2008
Citation: Proceedings of the workshop on composite likelihood methods.
Abstract: Individual heterogeneity (Coutinho et al., 1999) comprises the differences among individuals susceptibility to acquire infections, often referred to as 'frailties'. In its origin studying individual differences was done in the context of susceptibility to death. In epidemic theory, Coutinho et al.(1999) were the first to systematically treat heterogeneity in the acquisition of infections. Individuals are dissimilar in the way they acquire infections. Some individuals are more susceptible than others and will experience infection earlier. These frailties can be partly explained (e.g. by differences in social contacts), but in most cases constitute an 'unexplained residual' component. Gaining insight in the frailty to acquire an infection has an important impact on the design and implementation of control strategies (see e.g. Farrington et al., 2001). The instantaneous per capita rate at which a susceptible person acquires infection, the so-called force of infection (hazard of infection), has been shown to be age-dependent and can be derived through various techniques based on serological sample data (Anderson,1982). Because of computational ease, Farrington et al.(2001) used a shared gamma frailty to model bivariate serological data, i.e. bivariate current status data. We will show how this model connects to time-to-event data and correlated frailty models. A first result is the un/identifiability of the correlated/shared frailty model for current status data. Insight is gained in the identifiability result for time to even data in the setting of Yashin et al.(1995) and Giard et al.(2002). Secondly, we will show the effect on the estimated heterogeneity and FOI (marginal) parameters using different frailty distributions in a generalized linear mixed model framework.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/9631
Category: C2
Type: Proceedings Paper
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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