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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/9525

Title: Assessing the impact of weather on traffic intensity
Authors: COOLS, Mario
MOONS, Elke
WETS, Geert
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Transportation Research Board
Citation: TRB 87th Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers DVD.
Abstract: The investigation of weather effects on traffic intensity is important from a road safety point of view, because traffic intensity is noted as the first and primary determinant of traffic safety. Next to traffic safety, weather conditions affect to other predominant traffic variables, namely traffic demand and traffic flow. Therefore the main objective of this study is the identification and comparison of weather effects on traffic intensity at different site locations. To assess the impact of weather conditions on traffic intensity, the upstream and downstream traffic of four traffic count locations are considered. The traffic intensity data originate from minute data coming from single inductive loop detectors, collected by the Flemish Traffic Control Center. Data concerning weather events were recorded by the Royal Meteorological Institute. The main modeling philosophy envisaged in this study to identify and quantify weather effects is the linear regression approach. Most appealing result of this study for policy makers, is the heterogeneity of the weather effects between different traffic count locations, and the homogeneity of the weather effects on upstream and downstream traffic at a certain location. The results also indicated that snowfall, rainfall and wind speed have a clear diminishing effect on traffic intensity, while maximum temperature significantly increases traffic intensity. Further generalizations of the findings are possible by studying weather effects on local roads and by shifting the scope towards travel behavior. Simultaneously modeling of weather conditions, traffic intensity rates, collision risk and activity travel behavior is certainly a key challenge for further research.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/9525
Link to publication: http://pubsindex.trb.org/document/view/default.asp?lbid=848264
Category: C2
Type: Proceedings Paper
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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