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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/9034

Title: Treatment failure related to intrathecal immunoglobulin m (IgM) synthesis, cerebrospinal fluid IgM, and interleukin-10 in patients with hemolymphatic-stage sleeping sickness
Authors: Lejon, Veerle
Robays, Jo
N'Siesi, Francois Xavier
Mumba, Dieudonne
Bisser, Sylvie
Reiber, Hansotto
Boelaert, Marleen
Buscher, Philippe
Issue Date: 2007
Citation: CLINICAL AND VACCINE IMMUNOLOGY, 14(6). p. 732-737
Abstract: Human African trypanosomiasis treatment is stage dependent, but the tests used for staging are controversial. Central nervous system involvement and its relationship with suramin treatment failure were assessed in 60 patients with parasitologically confirmed hemolymphatic-stage Trypanosoma brucei gambiense infection (white blood cell count of <= 5/mu I and no trypanosomes in the cerebrospinal fluid [CSF]). The prognostic value of CSF interieukin-10, immunoglobulin M (IgM; as determined by nephelometry and the point-of-care LATEX/ IgM test), total protein, and trypanosome-specific antibody was assessed. The IgM and interleukin-10 levels in serum were measured; and the presence of neurological signs, intrathecal IgM synthesis, and blood-CSF barrier dysfunction was determined. After suramin treatment, 14 of 60 patients had relapses (23%). Relapses were significantly correlated with intrathecal IgM synthesis (odds ratio [OR], 46; 95% confidence interval [CI], 8 to 260), a CSF IgM concentration of >= 1.9 mg/liter (OR, 11.7; 95% CI, 2.7 to 50), a CSF end titer by the IATEX/IgM assay of >= 2 (OR, 10.4; 95% CI, 2.5 to 44), and a CSF interleukin-10 concentration of > 10 pg/ml (OR, 5; 95% CI, 1.3 to 20). The sensitivities of these markers for treatment failure ranged from 43 to 79%, and the specificities ranged from 74 to 93%. The results show that T. brucei gambiense-infected patients who have signs of neuroinflammation in CSF and who are treated with drugs recommended for use at the hemolymphatic stage are at risk of treatment failure. This highlights the need for the development and the evaluation of accurate point-of-care tests for the staging of human African trypanosomiasis.
Notes: Inst Trop Med, Dept Parasitol, B-2000 Antwerp, Belgium. Inst Trop Med, Dept Publ Hlth, B-2000 Antwerp, Belgium. CDI Bwamanda, Bwamanda, Congo. PNLTHA, Kinshasa, Zaire. Inst Natl Rech Biomed, Kinshasa, Zaire. Univ Hasselt, Ctr Stat, Diepenbeek, Belgium. Fac Med Limoges, Neuroparasitol & Neuroepidemiol Tropicale, EA3174, F-87025 Limoges, France. Univ Gottingen, Neurochem Lab, D-3400 Gottingen, Germany.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/9034
ISI #: 000247769500013
ISSN: 1556-6811
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2008
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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