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|Title: ||When integration fails to create social cohesion: the Belgian integration paradox|
|Authors: ||VAN CRAEN, Maarten|
|Issue Date: ||2008|
|Citation: ||Nationalism, Ethnicity and Citizenship: Whose Citizens? Whose Rights?, Surrey, United Kingdom, 30 June - 1 July 2008.|
|Abstract: ||This paper explores the socio-cultural distance between natives and non-natives in the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium, Flanders. We do so by discussing the paradoxical findings of an integration survey among native Belgians living in less privileged neighbourhoods (N=284) and non-native Belgians with a Turkish or Moroccan background (N=456) indicating the complexity of living together in a culturally diverse society. We look into socio-cultural integration by elaborating on four indicators which are currently relevant in the public and academic discourse concerning integration: 1) language proficiency/usage, 2) social capital, 3) value orientations, and 4) identity. We found that even though many of the non-native respondents orientate towards the Belgian society, a considerable part of the native respondents has a negative attitude towards non-natives. Moreover, the native respondents are more negative about Moroccan immigrants than about Turkish immigrants. The latter is even more eye-catching since Moroccan immigrants identify themselves more as Belgian, participate more in associations of natives, and more often speak Dutch in comparison to their Turkish counterparts. So, our findings reveal a paradox of integration.|
|Type: ||Conference Material|
|Appears in Collections: ||Research publications|
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