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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/7980

Title: Role of pronator teres muscle in entrapment neuropathy
Authors: VAN ZWIETEN, Koos Jaap
Lambrichts, Dries
Lamur, Kenneth
NARAIN, Faridi
Issue Date: 2005
Citation: 9th Euron Ph. D. Student Meeting. p. 46-46.
Abstract: Peripheral nerve entrapment neuropathies currently occur as "tunnel syndromes"(cf.carpal tunnel syndrome). The present study focuses on the anatomical features of the pronator teres muscle and the median nerve (innervating forearm flexors), investigated in normal human anatomical specimens by means of dissection, morphometry and roentgenphotogrammetry. In planar movement of the human hand, e.g. a horizontal shift over a flat surface, rotation of the humerus is involved. Forward movement implies an internal rotation, backward movement an external rotation. This external rotation imposes some degree of pronation on the forearm. As a consequence, excessive repetititve forward-backward shifting of the hand (palm downwards) may result in stressing the m. pronator teres, and may eventually lead to pathological conditions like repetitive strain injuries (RSI) as well as entrapment neuropathies. Humeral (superficial) and ulnar (deep) heads of m. pronator teres fuse, their common tendon inserting on the tuberositas pronatoria of the radius. N. medianus pierces m. pronator teres, accompanied by several tissues. A deep tendinous arc lines the muscle heads, crossing over n. medianus as to prevent its entrapment within the muscle. Within the pronator teres muscle, the median nerve is travelling through a slit-like space, rather than through a 'pronator tunnel'. Mathematical vector analysis of forces indicates that the effective contribution of m. pronator teres to pronation of the forearm may be considered as somewhat limited. M. pronator teres' vector of elbow flexion appears to be about 4 x its pronating vector. Strong pronation can be produced by a deep muscle of the forearm, m. pronator quadratus. In quadrupeds internal rotation of the humerus and subsequent supination are related to locomotion. Internal humeral rotation is correlated with backward movement of the limb during the stance phase. In the opossum, an early predecessor of primates including man, the internal humeral rotation imposes supination of the forearm during propulsion stroke.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/7980
Category: C2
Type: Conference Material
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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