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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/7734

Title: Anatomical study of the inversion movement of the human foot in positions prior to the swing phase of the stepcycle.
Authors: VAN ZWIETEN, Koos Jaap
Lamur, Kenneth
Varzin, Sergey
Zinkovsky, Anatoly
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Saint-Petersburg State University
Citation: Varzin, S. (Ed.) Materials of the All-Russian Scientific-Practical Conference. p. 252-253.
Abstract: Background: In this anatomical study, the mobility of the foot with respect to the first ray was studied, especially during the inversion movement of the gait cycle(push-off phase). During walking, at the end of the stance phase, before the foot looses contact with the substrate(swing phase), the foot makes a small inversion movement while the lower leg shows external rotation. Insight in this particular movement is necessary, to better understand pathologies concerning this inversion movement such as inversion traumatisms. Methods: Performing a study on ten anatomical specimens of human lower legs, we carried out measurements on tracings, made of X-ray pictures of the specimens. X-rays were taken with lower legs in three subsequent conditions: normal stance phase, push-off (inversion) and extreme inversion. In each foot, reference marks (metal screws, 'intracortical' pins) were inserted in the first metatarsal bone at standardized positions. The metal screws are visible on the X-rays. Based on length changes of the projections of these screws on the X-rays, rotation angles of the first ray during push-off were calculated. Results: Measurements show that in anatomical specimens at the position of push-off, the average rotation of the first metatarsal around its longitudinal axis, measured distally, amounts 9°. Conslusion: On the basis of the present investigation it can be concluded that the first ray of the foot, measured distally at the level of the first metatarsal bone in anatomical specimens, performs a small rotation movement around its longitudinal axis during the push-off phase of the gait cycle. Further research will be needed.
Notes: Date: October 31 - November 1, 2007
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/7734
Link to publication: http://www.med.pu.ru/2008/pdf/pr_hir.pdf
ISBN: 978-5-288 04434-2
Category: C1
Type: Proceedings Paper
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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