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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/757

Title: An approach to similarity measurement of absence-presence data: the case that common zeros matter
Authors: EGGHE, Leo
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: Sage
Citation: Journal of Information Science, 30(6). p. 509-519
Abstract: Similarity between objects (documents, persons, answers to a questionnaire, etc.) is generally determined through relations between representations of these objects. In the case of binary representations the presence of a property (e.g. an index term) carries a weight of one, its absence a weight of zero. In many similarity studies common zeros are ignored. This situation is called the zero insensitive case. In this article, however, we study the zero sensitive case. Clearly, answers to binary questionnaires (yes-no, encoded as 1-0) are zero sensitive, as people who answer ‘no’ to the same questions are more similar than those who give different answers. We present a wish list for such a zero sensitive approach to similarity. Making a difference between common zeros and common ones leads to an ‘identity-similarity’ theory. Hence, we move beyond a pure similarity theory. Two approaches to the problem of similarity measurement of presence-absence data, where common zeros matter and have the same effect as common ones, are presented. For the case that there is a difference between common ones and common zeros a totally new approach is proposed. In each case a coding approach is used, leading to new representations, which then lead to a similarity ranking. Examples of functions respecting these rankings are given.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/757
DOI: 10.1177/0165551504047827
ISI #: 000225754700004
ISSN: 0165-5515
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2006
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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