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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/74

Title: Self-reported physical activity, public health and perceived environment: results from a comparative European study.
Authors: Rutten, A.
Abel, T.
Kannas, L.
Von Lengerke, T.
Luschen, G.
Rodriguez Diaz, P.
VINCK, Jan
Van De Zee, J.
Issue Date: 2001
Publisher: BRITISH MED JOURNAL PUBL GROUP
Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 55(2). p. 139-146
Abstract: Objective: The focus of physical activity promotion is moving from methods for increasing health enhancing physical activity on the individual level to higher level strategies including environmental and policy approaches. Scientific inquiry, traditionally related to individual-based strategies, requires adaptation and refinement when environmental and policy changes become more relevant. The objective of this study is to investigate the significance for behaviour and health of community-based environments that encourage physical activity. Design and setting: The article presents data and results from a cross sectional comparative survey of the general population in six European countries (Belgium, Finland, Germany(East and West),Netherlands, Spain , Switzerland). Specifically, the relation between perceived community-based opportunities for physical activity, self reported physical activity, and self rated health status is investigated. Participants: Representative samples of general populations (adults 18 years or older). Overall response rate: 53.5%. Sample sizes realised: Belgium: n = 389; Finland: n = 400; Germany (East): n = 913; Germany (West): n = 489; Netherlands: n = 366; Spain: n = 380; Switzerland: n =406. Main Results: Analyses show that best opportunities are reported by people who are lightly to moderately physically active. People's self rated health is moderately, but significantly associated with both perceived opportunities, and physical activity itself. These predictors interact in that especially for women, the health impact of physical activity is more pronounced in case of good opportunities. Conclusions: The paper shows the potential of opportunities within residential and community environments with regard to physical activity related environments should test the findings that are based on perceptions.
Notes: Free access to the published version on the publishers site (after registration).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/74
Link to publication: http://jech.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/55/2/139
ISI #: 000166493600014
ISSN: 0143-005X
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2002
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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