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|Title: ||Review of risedronate and its clinical application in the treatment of postmenopausal and glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis|
|Authors: ||GEUSENS, Piet|
|Issue Date: ||2001|
|Publisher: ||Informa Healthcare|
|Citation: ||Expert opinions in pharmacotherapy, 2(12). p. 2011-2020|
|Abstract: ||Risedronate (Actonel®, Procter & Gamble and Aventis) is a novel, orally administered pyridinyl bisphosphonate. Preclinical studies have shown that risedronate is a potent inhibitor of osteoclasts. Risedronate inhibited bone resorption and increased bone density in the spine and hip. Prospective, randomised, placebo-controlled trials (RCTs) in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO) have demonstrated that risedronate decreased the risk of vertebral fractures by up to 49% and of non-vertebral fractures by up to 39% over 3 years in postmenopausal women with one or more prevalent vertebral fractures. This reduction of the risk for vertebral fractures was significant from the first year of treatment (risk reduction up to 65%). Risedronate was the first bisphosphonate to be studied in a large RCT with prevention of hip fracture as the primary end point. In this study, risedronate reduced the risk of hip fracture by 40% in elderly women with low hip bone density and one clinical risk factor for hip fracture and by 60% in women with low bone density and a prevalent vertebral fracture at baseline. Risedronate was also effective in the prevention and treatment of bone loss in glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO), with a positive effect on vertebral fractures within the first year. Risedronate was well-tolerated with a safety profile comparable to placebo in all clinical studies. Patients with a previous or current history of upper GI illness or who were taking NSAIDs or aspirin were not excluded from these studies. Importantly, the upper GI safety profile of risedronate was shown to be similar to that of placebo in endoscopic studies. There was no evidence of acute-phase reactions or primary mineralisation defects. The most appropriate dose of risedronate was 5 mg/day.|
|Link to publication: ||http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/apl/eop/2001/00000002/00000012/art00007|
|Type: ||Journal Contribution|
|Appears in Collections: ||Research publications|
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