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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/6923

Title: Forest response to elevated CO2 is conserved across a broad range of productivity
Authors: GIELEN, Birgit
Norby, Richard J.
DeLucia, Evan H.
Calfapietra, Carlo
Giardina, Christian P.
King, John S.
Ledford, Joanne
McCarthy, Heather R.
Moore, David J.P.
Ceulemans, Reinhart
De Angelis, Paolo
Finzi, Adrien C.
Karnosky, David F.
Kubiske, Mark E.
Lukac, Martin
Pregitzer, Kurt S.
Scarascia-Mugnozza, Giuseppe E.
Schlesinger, William H.
Oren, Ram
Issue Date: 2005
Citation: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102(50). p. 18052-18056
Abstract: Climate change predictions derived from coupled carbon-climate models are highly dependent on assumptions about feedbacks between the biosphere and atmosphere. One critical feedback occurs if C uptake by the biosphere increases in response to the fossil-fuel driven increase in atmospheric [CO2] ("CO2 fertilization"), thereby slowing the rate of increase in atmospheric [CO2]. Carbon exchanges between the terrestrial biosphere and atmosphere are often first represented in models as net primary productivity (NPP). However, the contribution of CO2 fertilization to the future global C cycle has been uncertain, especially in forest ecosystems that dominate global NPP, and models that include a feedback between terrestrial blosphere metabolism and atmospheric [CO2] are poorly constrained by experimental evidence. We analyzed the response of NPP to elevated CO2 (approximate to 550 ppm) in four free-air CO2 enrichment experiments in forest stands. We show that the response of forest NPP to elevated [CO2] is highly conserved across a broad range of productivity, with a stimulation at the median of 23 +/- 2%. At low leaf area indices, a large portion of the response was attributable to increased light absorption, but as leaf area indices increased, the response to elevated [CO2] was wholly caused by increased light-use efficiency. The surprising consistency of response across diverse sites provides a benchmark to evaluate predictions of ecosystem and global models and allows us now to focus on unresolved questions about carbon partitioning and retention, and spatial variation in NPP response caused by availability of other growth limiting resources.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/6923
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0509478102
ISI #: 000234010500032
ISSN: 0027-8424
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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