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|Title: ||Effects of dipyridamole in combination with anti-coagulant therapy on survival and thromboembolic events in patients with prosthetic heart valves: a meta-analysis of the randomized trials|
|Authors: ||Pouleur, H.|
|Issue Date: ||1995|
|Publisher: ||Mosby, Inc.|
|Citation: ||The journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery, 110(2). p. 463-472|
|Abstract: ||The addition of dipyridamole, an antiplatelet agent, to conventional anticoagulant regimens has been shown to reduce the frequency of embolization after valve replacement with a mechanical prosthesis. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to reevaluate the benefit of dipyridamole by analyzing the evidence from all randomized clinical trials. Summary data were extracted from the application to the Food and Drug Administration. Six randomized clinical trials had accrued 1141 patients, of whom 582 received anticoagulant therapy alone and 559 received additional dipyridamole at dosages ranging from 225 to 400 mg per day. The events analyzed were all thromboembolic events, both fatal and nonfatal; hemorrhagic events, both fatal and nonfatal; and the overall mortality. The combination of dipyridamole with anticoagulants reduced the risk of thromboembolic events (fatal or nonfatal) by 56% when compared with the use of anticoagulants alone ( p = 0.0001). The risk reduction was seen in fatal and in nonfatal thromboembolic events (risk reduction for fatal events, 64%, p = 0.008; for nonfatal events, 50%, p = 0.005). The overall mortality rate was also significantly reduced by 40% in the group receiving dipyridamole ( p = 0.013). There was no difference between treatment groups with respect to hemorrhagic events (risk reduction, -1%, p = 0.94). This meta-analysis supports the use of dipyridamole in this setting and warrants further trials with new antiplatelet agents.|
|Type: ||Journal Contribution|
|Appears in Collections: ||Research publications|
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