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|Title: ||Clonal expansion of myelin basic protein-reactive T cells in multiple sclerosis: restricted T cell receptor V gene usage and CDR3 sequence|
|Authors: ||VANDEVYVER, Caroline|
van den Elsen, Peter
|Issue Date: ||1995|
|Citation: ||European journal of immunology, 25(4). p. 958-968|
|Abstract: ||Myelin basic protein (MBP)-reactive T cells are thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). In some patients with MS, these autoreactive T cells display a limited heterogeneity in their epitope recognition and T cell receptor (TCR) variable (V) gene usage. These individual-dependent properties of MBP-reactive T cells have led to the speculation that they may represent clonal expansion in vivo in some MS patients. In the present study, 51 MBP-reactive T cell clones derived from patients with MS and healthy individuals were examined for their epitope recognition and the TCR V and V gene rearrangements. The V gene junctional region sequences of identified and genes were further analyzed to probe their clonal origins, as the sequences are unique for individual clones. Our data showed that 26 clones derived from nine patients with MS shared a predominant reactivity to the immunodominant regions of MBP, 84-102, 110-129 and 143-168, and used various TCR V and V rearrangements. The V gene usage of the clones was restricted to certain V V combination(s) in a given MS patient, but varied among different patients. The sequence analysis revealed that the clones generated from a given patient shared a limited or a single junctional region sequence pattern(s), indicating their oligoclonal or monoclonal origin(s). In contrast, 25 MBP-reactive T cell clones derived from normal individuals exhibited unfocused epitope recognition and V gene usage. Thus, the limited heterogeneity of MBP-reactive T cells in their structural and functional charactertistics reflects their clonal expansion in vivo in some patients with MS.|
|Type: ||Journal Contribution|
|Appears in Collections: ||Research publications|
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