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|Title: ||Evidence of declining STD prevalence in a South African mining community following a Core-Group intervention.|
|Authors: ||Steen, R.|
|Issue Date: ||2000|
|Publisher: ||LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS|
|Citation: ||Sexually transmitted diseases, 27(1). p. 1-8|
|Abstract: ||Objectives: To reduce the prevalence of curable sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in a South African mining community through provision of STD treatment services, including periodic presumptive treatment and prevention education to a core group of high-risk women living in areas around the mines.
Methods: Women at high risk for STDs attended a mobile clinic monthly for examination and counseling, and were treated presumptively for bacterial STDs with a directly observed l-g dose of azithromycin, Gonococcal and chlamydial infection rates were measured by urine ligase chain reaction, and genital ulcers were assessed by clinical examination. Changes in STD prevalence among local miners were assessed through comparison of prevalence in two cross-sectional samples of miners taken 9 months apart, and through routine disease surveillance at mine health facilities.
Results: During the first 9 months of the intervention, 407 women used the services. Baseline prevalence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and/or Chlamydia trachomatis in women was 24.9%; 9.7% of these women had clinical evidence of genital ulcer disease (GUD). The proportion of women with incident gonococcal or chlamydial infections at the first monthly return visit (69% follow-up rate) was 12.3%, and genital ulcers were found in 4.4% of these women. In the miner population, the prevalence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and/or C trachomatis was 10.9% at baseline and 6.2% at the 9-month follow-up examination (P < 0.001), The prevalence of GUD by clinical examination was 5.8% at baseline and 1.3% at follow-up examination (P < 0.001). Rates of symptomatic STDs seen at mine health facilities decreased among miners in the intervention area compared with miners living farther from the site and with less exposure to the project|
|Notes: ||Reprint Address: Steen, R (reprint author), 141 Upper Sunnybrook Rd, Middlesex, VT 05602 USA.
1. AIDSCAP Family Hlth Int, Nairobi, Kenya
2. Inst Trop Med, B-2000 Antwerp, Belgium
3. Harmony Hosp, Virginia, South Africa
4. Univ Witwatersrand, Reference Ctr STDs, Dept Microbiol & Infect Dis, Sch Pathol, Johannesburg, South Africa
5. S African Inst Med Res, Johannesburg, South Africa
6. AIDSCAP Family HLth Int, Johannesburg, South Africa
7. Limburgs Univ, Diepenbeek, Belgium
8. AIDSCAP Family Hlth Int, Arlington, VA USA|
|ISI #: ||000084872900001|
|Type: ||Journal Contribution|
|Validation: ||ecoom, 2001|
|Appears in Collections: ||Research publications|
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|Published version||8.22 MB||Adobe PDF|
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