Document Server@UHasselt >
Research >
Research publications >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/5134

Title: Hepatitis B in Saint Petersburg, Russia (1994-1999): incidence, prevalence and force of infection
Authors: Beutels, P.
Shkedy, Ziv
Mukomolov, S.
Aerts, Marc
Shargorodskaya, E.
Plotnikova, V.
Molenberghs, Geert
van Damme, P.
Issue Date: 2003
Citation: Journal of viral hepatitis, 10(2). p. 141-149
Abstract: Hepatitis B (HB) is thought to be an expanding health problem in Russia. The incidence of infection was estimated from mandatorily reported HB cases in St Petersburg. The two-sided t-test for independent samples and the LOESS (locally-weighted regression) smoother were used to compare the age at infection for symptomatic, asymptomatic and chronic infections, by gender. The force of infection was estimated from seroprevalence data (907 sera taken in 1999) using a newly developed nonparametric method based on local polynomials, as well as an earlier method based on isotonic regression and kernel smoothers. With the local polynomial method, pointwise confidence intervals(95%) were constructed by bootstrapping. On average, mencontracted HB infection at a significantly younger age than women (in 1999, 21.8 vs 22.7 years, respectively). The overall male to female ratio was 1.92. In 1999 the overall incidence almost doubled compared with the preceding years and tripled among the age groups with highest incidence(15–29-year olds: 85% of cases in 1999). The incidence increase was associated with a lower average age at infection (24.1 years in 1994 vs 22.1 years in 1999). The age and gender-specific force of infection estimates generally confirmed the incidence estimates and emphasized the usefulness of local polynomials to do this. Hence HB transmission in St Petersburg occurs mainly in young adults. The dramatic increase of infections in 1999 was probably due to injecting drug use. Without intervention, HB virus is expected to continue to spread rapidly with a greater proportion of female infections caused by sexual transmission.These trends may also provide an indication for HIV transmission.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/5134
DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2893.2003.00405.x
ISI #: 000181331900009
ISSN: 1352-0504
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2004
Appears in Collections: Research publications

Files in This Item:

Description SizeFormat
Published version436.33 kBAdobe PDF
Peer-reviewed author version76.34 kBAdobe PDF

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.