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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/4987

Title: De novo mutations in the sodium-channel gene SCN1A cause severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy
Authors: CLAES, Luc
Del-Favero, J.
Ceulemans, B.
Lagae, L.
Van Broeckhoven, C.
De Jonghe, P.
Issue Date: 2001
Publisher: UNIV CHICAGO PRESS
Citation: American journal of human genetics, 68(6). p. 1327-1332
Abstract: Severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (SMEI) is a rare disorder that occurs in isolated patients. The disease is characterized by generalized tonic, clonic, and tonic-clonic seizures that are initially induced by fever and begin during the first year of life. Later, patients also manifest other seizure types, including absence, myoclonic, and simple and complex partial seizures. Psychomotor development stagnates around the second year of life. Missense mutations in the gene that codes for a neuronal voltage-gated sodium-channel alpha -subunit (SCN1A) were identified in families with generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+). GEFS+ is a mild type of epilepsy associated with febrile and afebrile seizures. Because both GEFS+ and SMEI involve fever-associated seizures, we screened seven unrelated patients with SMEI for mutations in SCN1A. We identified a mutation in each patient: four had frameshift mutations, one had a nonsense mutation, one had a splice-donor mutation, and one had a missense mutation. All mutations are de novo mutations and were not observed in 184 control chromosomes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/4987
ISI #: 000169094600003
ISSN: 0002-9297
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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