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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/3679

Title: A NEW SINGLE NEPHRON MODEL OF FOCAL AND SEGMENTAL GLOMERULOSCLEROSIS IN THE MUNICH-WISTAR RAT
Authors: LAURENS, WEAA
VANRENTERGHEM, YFC
STEELS, Paul
VANDAMME, BJC
Issue Date: 1994
Publisher: BLACKWELL SCIENCE INC
Citation: KIDNEY INTERNATIONAL, 45(1). p. 143-149
Abstract: The hypothesis that damage to the visceral epithelial cell plays a central role in the pathogenesis of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis was tested by injecting saponin solutions of increasing concentration (0.1, 0.3, 0.6 and 1.0 mg/ml) in Bowman's space of superficial glomeruli in the Munich-Wistar rat. The microinjections were performed both with and without intermittent clamping of the renal vessels during two minutes. After 8 to 14 days the injected glomeruli were examined by light microscopy. The injected glomeruli were classified as, normal (NL), showing visceral epithelial cell damage (VECD), showing focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) or showing global sclerosis (GS). Swelling and intracellular vacuolation of the visceral epithelial cells (VEC) were considered as VECD. FSGS-lesions were seen most frequently in the glomeruli injected with 10 nl of a saponin solution with a concentration higher than 0.3 mg/ml. In view of the light microscopic lesions four glomeruli in a 0 mg/ml, the 0.1 mg/ml and the 0.6 mg/ml saponin groups were examined after 40 minutes with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to evaluate the selectivity of the lesions. In the 0 and 0.1 mg/ml group only occasional limited fusion of the foot processes of the podocytes was seen. In the 0.6 mg/ml group segmental lysis of the VEC without ultrastructural damage to the capillary basement membrane or the endothelial and mesangial cells was seen. It is concluded that it is possible to induce direct segmental lysis of the visceral epithelial cells in a single glomerulus, and that this damage to the visceral epithelial cells is related to the development of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis.
Notes: CATHOLIC UNIV LEUVEN,DEPT NEPHROL,B-3000 LOUVAIN,BELGIUM. CATHOLIC UNIV LEUVEN,DEPT PATHOL,B-3000 LOUVAIN,BELGIUM. LIMBURGS UNIV CTR,DEPT PHYSIOL,DIEPENBEEK,BELGIUM.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/3679
ISI #: A1994MM73000017
ISSN: 0085-2538
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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