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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/3628

Title: PERSONALITY AND ATTITUDINAL CORRELATES OF HEALTHY AND UNHEALTHY LIFE-STYLES IN YOUNG-ADULTS
Authors: STEPTOE, A
WARDLE, J
VINCK, Jan
TUOMISTO, M
HOLTE, A
WICHSTROM, L
Issue Date: 1994
Publisher: HARWOOD ACAD PUBL GMBH
Citation: PSYCHOLOGY & HEALTH, 9(5). p. 331-343
Abstract: The relationship between healthy lifestyle and personality and attitudinal variables was analyzed with data collected from 809 men and 996 women aged 18-30 years in England, Belgium, Finland and Norway as part of the European Health and Behaviour Survey. A health practices index was constructed on the basis of performance of sixteen behaviours including smoking, alcohol consumption, exercise, sleep time and a variety of dietary and preventive practices. Scores on the health practices index were higher in women than men, but in both sexes the index was normally distributed. Consistently healthy practices were positively correlated with extraversion and optimism, and negatively associated with neuroticism, psychoticism and chance locus of control beliefs. These effects were maintained after controlling for social desirability, but together accounted for only a modest proportion of the variance in the health practices index. The results are discussed in relation to the factors characterising health conscious and unhealthy lifestyles.
Notes: INST PSYCHIAT,IMPERIAL CANC RES FUND HLTH BEHAV,LONDON SE5 8AF,ENGLAND. LIMBURGS UNIV CTR,B-3590 DIEPENBEEK,BELGIUM. UNIV TAMPERE,DEPT CLIN SCI,SF-33101 TAMPERE,FINLAND. UNIV OSLO,DEPT BEHAV SCI MED,N-0317 OSLO,NORWAY.STEPTOE, A, ST GEORGE HOSP,SCH MED,DEPT PSYCHOL,CRANMER TERRACE,LONDON SW17 0RE,ENGLAND.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/3628
DOI: 10.1080/08870449408407492
ISI #: A1994PB60600001
ISSN: 0887-0446
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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