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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/3223

Title: Cytokine mRNA profile of myelin basic protein reactive T-cell clones in patients with multiple sclerosis
Authors: VANDEVYVER, Caroline
Motmans, K
Zhang, JW
Issue Date: 1998
Citation: AUTOIMMUNITY, 28(2). p. 77-89
Abstract: Autoimmune mechanisms involving T-cell responses to (a) myelin autoantigen(s), such as myelin basic protein (MBP), are thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS), Cytokines may play a central role in the regulation of the pathogenic autoimmune responses in MS and the mediation of tissue damage in the disease. To study the cytokine expression of myelin reactive T-cells in MS, we determined the cytokine mRNA levels in a panel of blood derived MBP-specific T-cell clones derived from MS patients (33 clones) and normal controls (21 clones), using a novel quantitative RT-PCR method. Our results demonstrate that MBP-specific T-cells, both from MS patients and control subjects, predominantly display a Th1- or Th0-like cytokine pattern. Although MS clones express higher levels of TNF alpha and IL-10 mRNA, these differences do not reach statistical significance, Interestingly, significantly increased TNF alpha and IFN gamma mRNA levels were observed among clones derived from HLA-DR2 positive versus HLA-DR2 negative MS patients. This HLA halpotype is known to be associated with MS. The high levels of TNF alpha and IFN gamma mRNA observed in MBP-reactive T-cell clones from MS patients indicate an important role of these cytokines in the disease process. Our data lend further support to the pathogenic role of MBP-reactive T-cells in MS.
Notes: Dr Willems Inst, Dept Immunol, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium.Stinissen, P, Dr Willems Inst, Dept Immunol, Univ Campus, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium.pstiniss@luc.ac.be
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/3223
ISI #: 000076124200003
ISSN: 0891-6934
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 1999
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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