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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/3215

Title: The effect of unilateral partial facial paralysis and muscle ablation on craniofacial growth and development: An experimental study in the rabbit
Authors: Sinsel, NK
OPDEBEECK, Herlinde
Guelinckx, PJ
Issue Date: 1998
Publisher: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Citation: PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, 102(6). p. 1894-1912
Abstract: The effect of unilateral partial facial nerve ablation anti unilateral partial midface muscle ablation on craniofacial growth and development was investigated. New Zealand White rabbits (12 days old) were randomly assigned to three experimental groups: control group, to study normal craniofacial growth and development (n = 15); nerve ablation group, surgically induced unilateral paralysis of the buccal branches of the facial nerve (n = 15); and muscle ablation group, surgical unilateral ablation of the facial muscles innervated by the buccal branches of the facial nerve (n = 12). All animals cere operated on at the age of 12 days; follow-up evaluations were performed at the ages of 2 months and 6 months. The age of 2 months represents the endpoint of the prepubertal craniofacial growth and development. At the age of 6 months, the animals are fully grown; therefore, the time period between 2 and 6 months is regarded as the pubertal growth period. Computerized dorsovenural roentgencephalometric (measurement of distances and angles) and computer tomographic (three-dimensional volumetric measurements) investigations were per-formed at both ages. Additional dry skull measurements were Der formed to determine more precisely the bone segments involved in the craniofacial growth alterations studied. The obtained results indicated the following. Unilateral partial facial paralysis involving the midface resulted in growth alterations analogous to those seen after unilateral total facial paralysis. The growth alterations were not to be seen as a growth restriction (reduction in bony volume) but as growth misdirections (alterations in shape). Major growth alterations were present in those regions closely related to the facial musculature, namely the nasal, maxillary, and premaxillary regions, resulting in a snout deviation toward the operated side. The growth alterations occurred during prepuberty and remained rather stable during puberty. Morphologic signs of muscle denervation were related to the craniofacial growth disturbances. The growth alterations after unilateral partial facial paralysis were mainly biomechanically induced, as they were analogous to those observed after unilateral midfacial muscle ablation. The fact that after unilateral midfacial muscle ablation at the age of 6 months the severity of the alterations had increased was attributed to the scar formation inherent to the surgical procedure.
Notes: Catholic Univ Louvain, Dept Plast & Reconstruct Surg, GHB, B-3000 Louvain, Belgium. Univ Diepenbeek, Dept Oral Physiol, Diepenbeek, Belgium.Guelinckx, PJ, Catholic Univ Louvain, Dept Plast & Reconstruct Surg, GHB, Herestr 49, B-3000 Louvain, Belgium.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/3215
ISI #: 000076924100014
ISSN: 0032-1052
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 1999
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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