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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/29812

Title: Towards a circular supply chain for PV modules: Review of today's challenges in PV recycling, refurbishment and re-certification
Authors: Tsanakas, John A.
van der Heide, Arvid
Radavicius, Tadas
Denafas, Julius
Lemaire, Elisabeth
Wang, Ke
Poortmans, Jef
Voroshazi, Eszter
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: WILEY
Citation: PROGRESS IN PHOTOVOLTAICS,
Status: Early View
Abstract: Photovoltaic (PV) waste, associated to the exponentially growing PV installations on global scale, presents today an emerging environmental challenge but also brings unprecedented and multifold value creation opportunities. In this context, significant PV business and research and development (R&D) efforts shift towards establishing a more sustainable, environmentally friendly and economically viable end-of-life (EoL) management for PV modules: including recycling, recovery of raw materials, repair/refurbishment and even re-use of decommissioned or failed PV modules. In the CIRCUSOL project, PV partners aspire to formalize the repair/refurbish and re-use value chains in the PV industry and propose a circular business model, based on a product-service system (PSS). Towards these goals, this review study introduces the relevant research groundwork, a status overview and today's R&D and business challenges in PV recycling, repair/refurbishment and re-certification aspects for second-life PV modules. The topics and the relevant reported literature are examined from both circular economy and technology perspective. The review indicates a considerable technological and operational know-how in PV EoL management that already exists and continuously evolves in mature PV markets. On the other hand, R&D in repair/refurbishment of decommissioned and/or failed PV modules remains scarce, and best practices and commercial services for reliability testing/re-certification and trading of second-life PV modules are neither standardized nor consolidated into any PSS or business model.
Notes: [Tsanakas, John A.; van der Heide, Arvid; Poortmans, Jef; Voroshazi, Eszter] IMEC, PV Dept, EnergyVille 2 Campus,Thor Pk 8320, B-3600 Genk, Belgium. [Radavicius, Tadas; Denafas, Julius] Soli Tek R&D JSC, Mokslininku Str 6A, LT-08412 Vilnius, Lithuania. [Lemaire, Elisabeth] CEA INES, Dept Solar Technol, 50 Ave Lac Leman, F-73375 Le Bourget Du Lac, France. [Wang, Ke] VITO NV, Unit Sustainable Mat Management, Boeretang 200, B-2400 Mol, Belgium. [Radavicius, Tadas; Denafas, Julius] Kaunas Univ Technol, K Donelaicio G 73, LT-44249 Kaunas, Lithuania. [Poortmans, Jef] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Oude Markt 13, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium. [Poortmans, Jef] Univ Hasselt, Martelarenlaan 42, B-3500 Hasselt, Belgium.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/29812
DOI: 10.1002/pip.3193
ISI #: 000486334300001
ISSN: 1062-7995
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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