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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/28753

Title: Residential landscape as a predictor of psychosocial stress in the life course from childhood to adolescence
Authors: Van Aart, Carola J. C.
Michels, Nathalie
Sioen, Isabelle
De Decker, Annelies
Bijnens, Esmee
Janssen, Bram G.
De Henauw, Stefaan
Nawrot, Tim S.
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation: Environment international, 120, p. 456-463
Abstract: Background: The effects of residential landscape, i.e., land use and traffic, on psychosocial stress in children are unknown, even though childhood stress might negatively affect normal development. In a longitudinal study, we investigate whether the residential landscape predicts childhood psychosocial stress and whether associations are independent of noise and air pollution. Methods: Belgian children aged 6.7-12.2 (N = 172, 50.9% boys) were followed for three years (2012-2015). Information on stress was obtained using standardized behavioral and emotional questionnaires and by a measure of hair cortisol. Residential landscape, including natural, agricultural, industrial, residential areas, and traffic, in a 100-m to 5-km radius around each child's home was characterized. Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between psychosocial stress and the residential landscape were studied using linear regression and mixed models, while adjusting for age, sex, and parental socioeconomic status. Results: Natural landscapes were positively associated with better emotional status (increased happiness and lower sadness, anxiousness, and total negative emotions, beta = 0.14-0.17, 95% CI = 0.01-0.30). Similarly, we observed an inverse association between residential and traffic density with hyperactivity problems (beta = 0.13-0.18, 95% CI = 0.01-0.34). In longitudinal analyses, industrial area was a predictor of increases in negative emotions, while a natural landscape was for increases in happiness. Only the effect of natural landscape was partly explained by residential noise. Conclusion: Residential greenness in proximity to a child's residence might result in a better childhood emotional status, whereas poorer emotional status and behavioral problems (hyperactivity problems) were seen with residential and industrial areas and increased traffic density in proximity to a child's home.
Notes: [Van Aart, Carola J. C.; Michels, Nathalie; Sioen, Isabelle; De Decker, Annelies; De Henauw, Stefaan] Univ Ghent, Dept Publ Hlth, Corneel Heymanslaan 10 4K3, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. [Sioen, Isabelle] Univ Ghent, Dept Food Safety & Food Qual, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. [Bijnens, Esmee M.; Janssen, Bram G.; Nawrot, Tim S.] Hasselt Univ, Ctr Environm Sci, Martelarenlaan 43, B-3500 Hasselt, Belgium. [De Henauw, Stefaan] Univ Coll Ghent, Vesalius, Dept Hlth Sci, Keramiekstr 80, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. [Nawrot, Tim S.] Leuven Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Kapucijnenvoer 35 Blok D, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/28753
DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2018.08.028
ISI #: 000448688500046
ISSN: 0160-4120
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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