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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/27647

Title: Radiological evaluation of industrial residues for construction purposes correlated with their chemical properties
Authors: Sas, Zoltan
Vandevenne, Niels
Doherty, Rory
Vinai, Raffaele
Kwasny, Jacek
Russell, Mark
Sha, Wei
Soutsos, Marios
Schroeyers, Wouter
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: Science of the total environment, 658, p. 141-151
Abstract: This study characterises the naturally occurring radionuclide (NOR) contents of a suite of secondary raw materials or industrial residues that are normally disposed of in landfills or lagoons but now are increasingly used in green concretes. This includes ashes from a variety of industrial processes and red mud from aluminium production, as well as air pollution control residue and cement kiln dust. The chemical composition of the samples was determined with X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF). The Ra-226, Th-232 and K-40 activity concentrations were obtained by gamma spectrometry, and the results were compared with recently published NOR databases. The correlation between the NOR contents and the main chemical composition was investigated. The radioactive equilibrium in the U-238 chain was studied based on the determination of progeny isotopes. The most commonly used calculation methods (activity concentration index and radium equivalent concentration) were applied to classify the samples. The radon exhalation rate of the samples was measured, and the radon emanation coefficient was calculated. Significant correlation was found between the NORs and certain chemical components. The massic exhalation demonstrated a broad range, and it was found that the emanation coefficients were significantly lower in the case of the residues generated as a result of high-temperature combustion processes. The results showed a weak correlation between the Ra-226 concentration and the radon exhalation. This emphasises that managing the Ra-226 content of recycled material by itself is not sufficient to control the radon exhalation of recycled materials used in building products. The investigated parameters and their correlation behaviour could be used to source apportion materials found during the process of landfill mining and recovery of material for recycling.
Notes: a, W (reprint author), Queens Univ Belfast, Sch Nat & Built Environm, David Keir Bldg,39-123 Stranmillis Rd, Belfast BT9 5AG, Antrim, North Ireland. w.sha@qub.ac.uk
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/27647
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.12.043
ISI #: 000456175700017
ISSN: 0048-9697
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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