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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/26487

Title: Remarkable Anti-Fouling Performance of TiO2-Modified TFC Membranes with Mussel-Inspired Polydopamine Binding
Authors: Zhang, Rui-Xin
Braeken, Leen
Liu, Tian-Yin
Luis, Patricia
Wang, Xiao-Lin
Van der Bruggen, Bart
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL, 7(1) (Art N° 81)
Abstract: It has been proven that a versatile bio-glue, polydopamine, can firmly bind TiO2 (titanium dioxide) nanoparticles on thin film composite (TFC) membranes. In this work, the anti-fouling behaviour of this novel polydopamine-TiO2-modified membrane is evaluated, based on the static bovine serum albumin (BSA) surface adhesion of the membranes and the relative flux decline. The results show that the anti-fouling performance of this new membrane is significantly improved in dark conditions when compared with the neat TFC membrane and the membranes only modified by polydopamine or TiO2. When filtrating a 0.5 gL(-1) BSA solution in dark conditions, the flux of the polydopamine-TiO2-modified membrane remains constant, at 95% of its pure water flux after 30 min filtration for 8 h of the experiment. This indicates a significant increase in anti-fouling performance when compared to the 25% flux decline observed for the neat TFC membrane, and to the 15% flux decline of those only modified by polydopamine or TiO2. This remarkable anti-fouling behaviour is attributed to an improved and uniform hydrophilicity, due to the presence of TiO2 and to the regular nanosized papillae structure of the polydopamine-TiO2 coating. Furthermore, since dopamine-modified TiO2 has visible light-induced photocatalytic properties, the membrane's photocatalytic performance was also tested in light conditions. However an increase of flux and decrease of retention were observed after 24 h of continuous illumination, indicating that light may also affect the top layer of the membrane.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/26487
DOI: 10.3390/app7010081
ISI #: 000395485900079
ISSN: 2076-3417
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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