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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/26319

Title: Estimating Human Health Impacts and Costs Due to Iranian Fossil Fuel Power Plant Emissions through the Impact Pathway Approach
Authors: Jorli, Mojtaba
Van Passel, Steven
Sadeghi, Hossein
Nasseri, Alireza
Agheli, Lotfali
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: ENERGIES, 10(12) (Art N° 2136)
Abstract: Air pollutants from fossil fuel fired power plants harm the environment and human health. More than 91% of Iran's electricity production is from thermal power plants that use natural gas, diesel, and fuel oil. We apply the impact pathway approach to estimate the health impacts arising from Iranian fossil-based electricity generation emission, and in a next step, we calculate monetary costs of the estimated damages, for a one-year period starting from 20 March 2016 through 2017. We use the new version of SIMPACTS (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria) to investigate the health effects from 61 major Iran fossil-based power plants separately. The selected plants represent 95.6% of total Iran fossil-based power generation. Using the individual and different power plant estimates, we avoid extrapolation and our results can be considered more reliable, taking into account spatial differences. The total damage cost is 723.42 million USD (2000). The damage cost per generated electricity varies from 0.06 to 22.41 USD/MWh and average plant damage cost is 2.85 USD/MWh. Accounting for these external costs indicates the actual costs of fossil energy. The results are useful for policy makers to compare the health costs from these plants and to decide on cleaner energy sources and to take measures to increase benefits for society.
Notes: Van Passel, S (reprint author), Univ Antwerp, Dept Engn Management, Prinsstr 13, B-2000 Antwerp, Belgium. Mojtaba.Jorli@gmail.com; Steven.VanPassel@uantwerpen.be; sadeghih@modares.ac.ir; nasseri@modares.ac.ir; aghelik@modares.ac.ir
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/26319
DOI: 10.3390/en10122136
ISI #: 000423156900207
ISSN: 1996-1073
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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