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|Title: ||Cerebellar grey matter explains bimanual coordination performance in children and older adults|
|Authors: ||Boisgontier, Matthieu|
van Ruitenbeek, Peter
Meesen, Raf L.J.
Zivari, Adab Hamed
Swinnen, Stephan P.
|Issue Date: ||2018|
|Citation: ||NEUROBIOLOGY OF AGING, 65, p. 109-120|
|Abstract: ||The cerebellum appears to undergo late maturation in children and early decline at older age. Whether these age-related changes affect bimanual coordination performance remains unclear at best. Here, we identified the ages at which bimanual coordination performance stops improving and starts declining. In an independent cohort, we defined brain regions of interest involved in bimanual coordination using functional magnetic resonance imaging. We used these regions of interest to investigate the extent to which the gray matter of cerebellar and other brain regions explains bimanual coordination performance from 10- to 80-year-olds. Results showed that bimanual coordination performance starts declining from the age of 40 years. In participants aged 10e20 years, cerebellar lobule VI was the only significant brain predictor of bimanual coordination performance. In participants aged 60e80 years, this cerebellar region,
together with the primary sensorimotor cortex, formed a group of strongest predictors. These results from 2 independent samples (10e20 and 60e80 years) suggest that cerebellar lobule VI is critical for the development and preservation of bimanual coordination skills in children and older adults, respectively.
In addition, post hoc analyses suggested that the primary motor cortex mediated the adverse effect of age on bimanual coordination performance in older adults.|
|ISI #: ||000428233700011|
|Type: ||Journal Contribution|
|Appears in Collections: ||Research publications|
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|Published version||1.67 MB||Adobe PDF|
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