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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/25899

Title: The efficacy of functional gait training in children and young adults with cerebral palsy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Authors: Booth, Adam T.C.
Buizer, Annemieke I.
Meyns, Pieter
Oude Lansink, I.L.B.
Steenbrink, Frans
van der Krogt, Marjolein M.
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: Developmental medicine and child neurology, 60 (9), 866-+
Status: In Press
Abstract: Aim The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effects of functional gait training on walking ability in children and young adults with cerebral palsy (CP). Method The review was conducted using standardized methodology, searching four electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Science) for relevant literature published between January 1980 and January 2017. Included studies involved training with a focus on actively practising the task of walking as an intervention while reporting outcome measures relating to walking ability. Results Forty‐one studies were identified, with 11 randomized controlled trials included. There is strong evidence that functional gait training results in clinically important benefits for children and young adults with CP, with a therapeutic goal of improved walking speed. Functional gait training was found to have a moderate positive effect on walking speed over standard physical therapy (effect size 0.79, p=0.04). Further, there is weaker yet relatively consistent evidence that functional gait training can also benefit walking endurance and gait‐related gross motor function. Interpretation There is promising evidence that functional gait training is a safe, feasible, and effective intervention to target improved walking ability in children and young adults with CP. The addition of virtual reality and biofeedback can increase patient engagement and magnify effects.
Notes: Booth, ATC (reprint author), Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, Dept Rehabil Med, POB 7057, NL-1007 MB Amsterdam, Netherlands. a.booth@vumc.nl
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/25899
Link to publication: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29512110
DOI: 10.1111/dmcn.13708
ISI #: 000441239000012
ISSN: 0012-1622
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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