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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/25633

Title: Developing an emergency department crowding dashboard: a design science approach
Authors: Martin, Niels
Bergs, Jochen
Eerdekens, Dorien
Depaire, Benoît
Verelst, Sandra
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: International Emergency Nursing, 39, p. 68-76
Abstract: Background: As an emergency department (ED) is a complex adaptive system, the analysis of continuously gathered data is valuable to gain insight in the real-time patient flow. To support the analysis and management of ED operations, relevant data should be provided in an intuitive way. Aim: Within this context, this paper outlines the development of a dashboard which provides real-time information regarding ED crowding. Methods: The research project underlying this paper follows the principles of design science research, which involves the development and study of artifacts which aim to solve a generic problem. To determine the crowding indicators that are desired in the dashboard, a modified Delphi study is used. The dashboard is implemented using the open source Shinydashboard package in R. Results: A dashboard is developed containing the desired crowding indicators, together with general patient flow characteristics. It is demonstrated using a dataset of a Flemish ED and fulfills the requirements which are defined a priori. Conclusions: The developed dashboard provides real-time information on ED crowding. This information enables ED staff to judge whether corrective actions are required in an effort to avoid the adverse effects of ED crowding.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/25633
DOI: 10.1016/j.ienj.2017.08.001
ISSN: 1755-599X
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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