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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/24939

Title: Impacts of the Hara Biosphere Reserve on Livelihood and Welfare in Persian Gulf
Authors: Pour, Milad Dehghani
Motiee, Naser
Barati, Ali Akbar
Taheri, Fatemeh
Azadi, Hossein
Gebrehiwot, Kindeya
Lebailly, Philippe
Van Passel, Steven
Witlox, Frank
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation: ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS, 141, p. 76-86
Abstract: Despite the importance of biosphere reserves in Iran's livelihood and welfare, the economic significance of Hara Biosphere Reserve has never been comprehensively studied. This study examines the current importance of Hara Biosphere Reserve (HBR) in local livelihood and welfare. Using a household survey, data were collected through a questionnaire, key informant interviews and direct observations. Two hundred and forty-four households were randomly selected from 10 villages through proportional sampling. Results showed that non-environmental income was the first driver of the total income, poverty alleviation and narrowing income inequality gap. Park income was the second. The results also showed that excluding park income from total income would significantly increase headcount poverty, widen the poverty gap, and raise the Gini coefficient. Wealthier households had the greatest absolute income from the environment, including forest, fishing and fodder. However, the poorest group had smallest absolute income from these sources. Thus, the study demonstrated that wealthier households are responsible for the overharvesting of environmental resources. Interestingly, the study showed that wealthier households are more dependent on profitable environmental incomes sources while the poorest are more dependent on non-profitable ones. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Notes: [Pour, Milad Dehghani; Motiee, Naser; Barati, Ali Akbar] Univ Tehran, Dept Agr Dev & Management, Karaj, Iran. [Taheri, Fatemeh] Univ Ghent, Dept Agr Econ, Ghent, Belgium. [Azadi, Hossein; Witlox, Frank] Univ Ghent, Dept Geog, Ghent, Belgium. [Azadi, Hossein; Lebailly, Philippe] Univ Liege, Econ & Rural Dev, Liege, Belgium. [Gebrehiwot, Kindeya] Mekelle Univ, Dept Land Resource Management & Environm Protect, Mekelle, Ethiopia. [Van Passel, Steven] Hasselt Univ, Ctr Environm Sci, Hasselt, Belgium. [Van Passel, Steven] Univ Antwerp, Dept Engn Management, Antwerp, Belgium. [Witlox, Frank] Nanjing Univ Aeronaut & Astronaut, Coll Civil Aviat, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China. [Witlox, Frank] Univ Tartu, Dept Geog, Tartu, Estonia.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/24939
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.05.023
ISI #: 000410013200008
ISSN: 0921-8009
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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