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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/24452

Title: Renal response to intravascular volume expansion in euvolemic heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction: Mechanistic insights and clinical implications
Authors: Nijst, Petra
Verbrugge, Frederik H.
Martens, Pieter
Dupont, Matthias
Tang, W. H. Wilson
Mullens, Wilfried
Issue Date: 2017
Abstract: Background: Untreated and preclinical heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) have an impaired ability to alleviate excess intravascular volume. Objectives: To investigate 1) the renal response to intravascular volume expansion in euvolemic and optimally treated HFrEF patients and 2) loop diuretic efficiency. Methods: 14 healthy and 28 HFrEF patients underwent intravascular volume expansion with 1 l hydroxyl ethyl starch 6% during 3 h after which a loop diuretic was administered. Clinical parameters, neurohormones and urine were hourly measured. Results: In response to intravascular volume expansion (+ 0.6 +/- 0.2 L; p < 0.001 vs baseline) HFrEF patients demonstrated significantly lower natriuresis compared to healthy subjects (0.9 +/- 0.5 versus 1.7 +/- 0.6 g/3 h; p < 0.001). However, natriuresis varied substantially with half of HFrEF patients exhibiting a response within the range of healthy and the other half demonstrating a significantly decreased response (1.4 +/- 0.4 vs 0.5 +/- 0.2 g/3 h; p < 0.001). Natriuresis was associated with glomerular filtration function (eGFR), NT-proBNP and tubular fractional sodium excretion (FENa). Loop diuretic efficiency was significantly lower in HFrEF patients compared to healthy subjects (3.4 +/- 0.7 vs 2.6 +/- 1.1 g/2 h; p=0.044) but was only related to eGFR (R-2 = 0.47; p < 0.001) and independent of FENa (R2 = 0.07; p=0.20). Loop diuretics increased FENa similarly in healthy subjects and HFrEF patients (9.1 +/- 2.4 vs 9.3 +/- 3.3%; p=0.64). Conclusion: The ability of the kidneys to remove excess intravascular volume is decreased in a substantial amount of euvolemic and optimally treated HFrEF patients. Renal response relates to filtration function and tubular sodium handling. In contrast, loop diuretics can surmount decreased renal tubular sodium excretion but remain dependent on eGFR. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Notes: [Nijst, Petra; Verbrugge, Frederik H.; Martens, Pieter; Dupont, Matthias; Mullens, Wilfried] Ziekenhuis Oost Limburg, Dept Cardiol, Schiepse Bos 6, B-3600 Genk, Belgium. [Nijst, Petra] Hasselt Univ, Doctoral Sch Med & Life Sci, Diepenbeek, Belgium. [Mullens, Wilfried] Hasselt Univ, Fac Med & Life Sci, Biomed Res Inst, Diepenbeek, Belgium. [Tang, W. H. Wilson] Cleveland Clin, Inst Heart & Vasc, Dept Cardiovasc Med, Cleveland, OH 44106 USA.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/24452
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2017.05.041
ISI #: 000406038100065
ISSN: 0167-5273
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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