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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/24372

Title: Effect of ammonium sulfide treatments on the surface properties of Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin films
Authors: Buffiere, Marie
Brammertz, Guy
El Mel, Abdel-Aziz
Barreau, Nicolas
Meuris, Marc
Poortmans, Jef
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Citation: THIN SOLID FILMS, 633(SI), p. 135-140
Abstract: In this contribution, we report on the impact of ammonium sulfide ((NH4)(2)S-x) chemical treatments done at room temperature on the surface properties of Cu2ZnSnSe4 (CZTSe) thin film. The first approach is based on the immersion of the absorber layer in a (NH4)(2)S-x solution (20 wt.%). This method results in the preferential etching of Se, Sn and Zn atoms from the absorber surface. After a treatment time of 1 min, the performances of the solar cells are found to be improved. The second approach consists in the exposure of the CZTSe layer to ammonium sulfide vapors. In this case, it was found that the progressive sulfurization of the surface of the absorber leads to the decomposition of the CZTSe phase into Sn(S,Se)(x) and Se-0 secondary phases. As a consequence, the short circuit current of the corresponding solar cells is reduced. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Notes: [Buffiere, Marie; Poortmans, Jef] IMEC, Partner Solliance, Kapeldreef 75, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium. [Buffiere, Marie; El Mel, Abdel-Aziz; Barreau, Nicolas] Univ Nantes, CNRS, Inst Mat Jean Rouxel, 2 Rue Houssiniere BP 32229, F-44322 Nantes 3, France. [Buffiere, Marie] Hamad Ben Khalifa Univ, Qatar Fdn, QEERI, Doha, Qatar. [Brammertz, Guy; Meuris, Marc] IMEC, Div IMOMEC, Partner Solliance, Wetenschapspk 1, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium. [Brammertz, Guy; Meuris, Marc; Poortmans, Jef] Hasselt Univ, Inst Mat Res IMO, Wetenschapspk 1, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium. [Poortmans, Jef] Katholieke Univ Leuven, ESAT ELECTA, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/24372
DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2016.09.011
ISI #: 000404802300027
ISSN: 0040-6090
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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