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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/24344

Title: Can Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder Use Virtual Reality Driving Simulation Training to Evaluate and Improve Driving Performance? An Exploratory Study
Authors: Cox, Daniel J.
Brown, Timothy
Ross, Veerle
Moncrief, Matthew
Schmitt, Rose
Gaffney, Gary
Reeve, Ron
Issue Date: 2017
Abstract: Investigate how novice drivers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) differ from experienced drivers and whether virtual reality driving simulation training (VRDST) improves ASD driving performance. 51 novice ASD drivers (mean age 17.96 years, 78% male) were randomized to routine training (RT) or one of three types of VRDST (8-12 sessions). All participants followed DMV behind-the-wheel training guidelines for earning a driver's license. Participants were assessed pre- and post-training for driving-specific executive function (EF) abilities and tactical driving skills. ASD drivers showed worse baseline EF and driving skills than experienced drivers. At post-assessment, VRDST significantly improved driving and EF performance over RT. This study demonstrated feasibility and potential efficacy of VRDST for novice ASD drivers.
Notes: [Cox, Daniel J.; Moncrief, Matthew; Reeve, Ron] Univ Virginia, Virginia Driving Safety Lab, Hlth Sci Ctr, Box 800-223, Charlottesville, VA 22908 USA. [Brown, Timothy; Schmitt, Rose; Gaffney, Gary] Univ Iowa, Natl Adv Driving Simulator, 2401 Oakdale Blvd, Iowa City, IA 52241 USA. [Ross, Veerle] Hasselt Univ, Transportat Res Inst, Sci Pk 5, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/24344
DOI: 10.1007/s10803-017-3164-7
ISI #: 000405720900021
ISSN: 0162-3257
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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