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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/24197

Title: Silicon heterojunction interdigitated back-contact solar cells bonded to glass with efficiency > 21%
Authors: Xu, Menglei
Bearda, Twan
Radhakrishnan, Hariharsudan Sivaramakrishnan
Jonnak, Shashi Kiran
Hasan, Mahmudul
Malik, Shuja
Filipic, Miha
Depauw, Valerie
Van Nieuwenhuysen, Kris
Abdulraheem, Yaser
Debucquoy, Maarten
Gordon, Ivan
Szlufcik, Jozef
Poortmans, Jef
Issue Date: 2017
Abstract: Previously, IMEC proposed the i(2)-module concept which allows to process silicon heterojunction interdigitated back-contact (SHJ-IBC) cells on thin ( < 50 mu m) Si wafers at module level. This concept includes the bonding of the thin wafer early on to the module cover glass, which delivers mechanical support to the wafer and thus significantly improves the production yield. In this work, we test silicone and ethylene vinyl acetate bonding agents and prove them to be resistant to all rear side processes, including wet and plasma processes. Moreover, a lift-off process using a sacrificial SiOx layer has been developed for emitter patterning to replace conventional lithography. The optimized process steps are demonstrated by the fabrication of SHJ-IBC cells on 6-inch 190 mu m-thick wafers. Efficiencies up to 22.6% have been achieved on reference freestanding wafers. Excellent V-oc of 734 my and J(sc) of 40.8 mA/cm(2) lead to an efficiency of 21.7% on silicone-bonded cells, where the high V-oc indicates the process compatibility of the bonding agent. The developments that enabled such achievements and the key factors that limit the device performance are discussed in this paper.
Notes: [Xu, Menglei; Poortmans, Jef] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Kasteelpk Arenberg 10, B-3001 Heverlee, Belgium. [Xu, Menglei; Bearda, Twan; Radhakrishnan, Hariharsudan Sivaramakrishnan; Jonnak, Shashi Kiran; Hasan, Mahmudul; Malik, Shuja; Filipic, Miha; Depauw, Valerie; Van Nieuwenhuysen, Kris; Debucquoy, Maarten; Gordon, Ivan; Szlufcik, Jozef; Poortmans, Jef] IMEC, Kapeldreef 75, B-3001 Heverlee, Belgium. [Abdulraheem, Yaser] Kwait Univ, POB 5969, Safat 13060, Kuwait. [Poortmans, Jef] Hasselt Univ, B-3500 Hasselt, Belgium.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/24197
DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2017.02.032
ISI #: 000399857200010
ISSN: 0927-0248
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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