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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/24161

Title: The Importance of Conditioned Stimuli in Cigarette and E-Cigarette Craving Reduction by E-Cigarettes
Authors: Van Heel, Martijn
Van Gucht, Dinska
Vanbrabant, Koen
Baeyens, Frank
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: MDPI AG
Abstract: This study examined the impact of four variables pertaining to the use of e-cigarettes (e-cigs) on cravings for tobacco cigarettes and for e-cigs after an overnight abstinence period. The four variables were the nicotine level, the sensorimotor component, the visual aspect, and the aroma of the e-cig. In an experimental study, 81 participants without prior vaping experience first got acquainted with using e-cigs in a one-week tryout period, after which they participated in a lab session assessing the effect of five minutes of vaping following an abstinence period of 12 h. A mixed-effects model clearly showed the importance of nicotine in craving reduction. However, also non-nicotine factors, in particular the sensorimotor component, were shown to contribute to craving reduction. Handling cues interacted with the level (presence/absence) of nicotine: it was only when the standard hand-to-mouth action cues were omitted that the craving reducing effects of nicotine were observed. Effects of aroma or visual cues were not observed, or weak and difficult to interpret, respectively.
Notes: [Van Heel, Martijn; Van Gucht, Dinska; Baeyens, Frank] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Fac Psychol & Educ Sci, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium. [Van Gucht, Dinska] Thomas More Univ Coll, Dept Psychol, B-3414 Antwerp, Belgium. [Vanbrabant, Koen] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Interuniv Inst Biostat & Stat Bioinformat, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium. [Vanbrabant, Koen] Univ Hasselt, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/24161
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph14020193
ISI #: 000395467900085
ISSN: 1660-4601
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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