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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/23790

Title: Environmental and health impacts of effluents from textile industries in Ethiopia: the case of Gelan and Dukem, Oromia Regional State
Authors: Dadi, Diriba
Stellmacher, Till
Senbeta, Feyera
Van Passel, Steven
Azadi, Hossein
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: SPRINGER
Citation: ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, 189(1), p. 1-30 (Art N° 11)
Abstract: This study focuses on four textile industries (DH-GEDA, NOYA, ALMHADI, and ALSAR) established between 2005 and 2008 in the peri-urban areas of Dukem and Gelan. The objectives of the study were to generate baseline information regarding the concentration levels of selected pollutants and to analyze their effects on biophysical environments. This study also attempts to explore the level of exposure that humans and livestock have to polluted effluents and the effects thereof. The findings of this study are based on data empirically collected from two sources: laboratory analysis of sample effluents from the four selected textile plants and quantitative as well as qualitative socioeconomic data collection. As part of the latter, a household survey and focus group discussions (FGDs) with elderly and other focal persons were employed in the towns of Dukem and Gelan. The results of the study show that large concentrations of biological oxygen demand (BOD5), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solids (TSS), and pH were found in all the observed textile industries, at levels beyond the permissible discharge limit set by the national Environmental Protection Authority (EPA). Furthermore, sulfide (S-2), R-phosphate (R-PO43), and Zn were found in large concentrations in DH-GEDA and ALMHADI, while high concentrations were also identified in samples taken from ALSAR and ALMHADI. In spite of the clear-cut legal tools, this study shows that the local environment, people, and their livestock are exposed to highly contaminated effluents. We therefore recommend that the respective federal and regional government bodies should reexamine the compliance to and actual implementation of the existing legal procedures and regulations and respond appropriately.
Notes: [Dadi, Diriba] Madda Walabu Univ, Dept Geog, Coll Social Sci & Humanities, Bale Robe, Ethiopia. [Stellmacher, Till] Univ Bonn, Ctr Dev Res ZEF, Bonn, Germany. [Senbeta, Feyera] Univ Addis Ababa, CDS, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. [Van Passel, Steven] Univ Antwerp, Dept Engn Management, Antwerp, Belgium. [Van Passel, Steven; Azadi, Hossein] Hasselt Univ, Ctr Environm Sci, Hasselt, Belgium. [Azadi, Hossein] Univ Liege, Econ & Rural Dev, Liege, Belgium. [Azadi, Hossein] Univ Ghent, Dept Geog, Ghent, Belgium.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/23790
DOI: 10.1007/s10661-016-5694-4
ISI #: 000392300300011
ISSN: 0167-6369
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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