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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/23614

Title: Pathophysiology of colorectal peritoneal carcinomatosis: Role of the peritoneum
Authors: Lemoine, Lieselotte
Sugarbaker, Paul
Van der Speeten, Kurt
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: World journal of gastroenterology, 22(34), p. 7692-7707
Abstract: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the fourth most common cause of cancerrelated death worldwide. Besides the lymphatic and haematogenous routes of dissemination, CRC frequently gives rise to transcoelomic spread of tumor cells in the peritoneal cavity, which ultimately leads to peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). PC is associated with a poor prognosis and bad quality of life for these patients in their terminal stages of disease. A loco-regional treatment modality for PC combining cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal peroperative chemotherapy has resulted in promising clinical results. However, this novel approach is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. A comprehensive understanding of the molecular events involved in peritoneal disease spread is paramount in avoiding unnecessary toxicity. The emergence of PC is the result of a molecular crosstalk between cancer cells and host elements, involving several well-defined steps, together known as the peritoneal metastatic cascade. Individual or clumps of tumor cells detach from the primary tumor, gain access to the peritoneal cavity and become susceptible to the regular peritoneal transport. They attach to the distant peritoneum, subsequently invade the subperitoneal space, where angiogenesis sustains proliferation and enables further metastatic growth. These molecular events are not isolated events but rather a continuous and interdependent process. In this manuscript, we review current data regarding the molecular mechanisms underlying the development of colorectal PC, with a special focus on the peritoneum and the role of the surgeon in peritoneal disease spread.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/23614
DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v22.i34.7692
ISI #: 000383980400005
ISSN: 1007-9327
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2017
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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