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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/23331

Title: Exclusion and Self-Cleaning in the 2014 Public Sector Directive
Authors: Van Garsse, Steven
de Mars, Sylvia
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Larcier
Citation: Marique, Yseult; Wauters, Kris (Ed.). EU Directive on Public Procurement. A new turn for competition in public markets, Larcier, p. 121-138
Abstract: When government organizations spend public money, they want to make sure that contracts are only awarded to businesses that are trustworthy and reputable. Furthermore, to enhance fairness in competition it is important to create a level playing field, considering that non-compliance with legal rules can create an unfair advantage. Dishonest and/or corrupt companies should therefore, in the view of most governments, be excluded from public procurement processes. This idea can also be found in EU public procurement law. As has been the case in previous versions of the EU rules, the current public procurement directives govern the grounds for exclusion of economic operators. Under stated conditions, businesses will not be allowed to bid for a contract. Some of the grounds for exclusion in the 2014 Public Sector Directive are mandatory, whereas other grounds for exclusion are discretionary. The approach of the Union legislature was historically and remains (largely) to adopt grounds for exclusion based on facts or conduct specific to the economic operator concerned, such as conduct that discredits its professional reputation or calls into question its economic or financial ability to complete the works covered by the public contract for which he is tendering. The stated exclusions grounds are consequently a finite list, rooted in factual findings of undesirable practices on the part of the economic operator. In this contribution the regime of the 2014 Public Sector Directive on exclusion grounds will be set out, and its novelties (including self-cleaning) will be explained. The article will proceed as follows. The first section examines mandatory exclusions. The second section discusses discretionary/optional exclusion grounds. A third part elaborates on changes made in the 2014 Directive as a response to Court of Justice case law or a lack of clarity in the 2004 Public Sector Directive. The fourth part considers the newly introduced principle of self-cleaning. The article will then, in a fifth part, address the duration of the exclusions permitted and/or required by the 2014 Directive. The article finally summarizes the setup of the 2014 Public Sector Directive’s exclusion regime in a brief conclusion.
De nieuwe in 2014 aangenomen Europese richtlijnen overheidsopdrachten spreken Belgische en buitenlandse juristen aan. Kort nadat de Belgishe wetgeving werd veranderd, heeft de Europese wetgever nieuwe lange en ingewikkelde teksten goedgekeurd. Een omzetting naar nationale wetgeving is dus nodig. Deze toevloed van teksten dient ons aan te sporen om even stil te staan teneinde beter de logica te begrijpen, die schuilt achter de Europese interventie. Hoe innovatief zijn de nieuwe Europese teksten? Welke rol spelen mededinging en andere belangen, zoals integriteit, bescherming van KMO’s, sociaal beleid of milieubeleid? Dit boek beoogt die vragen te beantwoorden. Het zet elk thema in zijn technische en historische context. Dit boek hoopt academici en practici een instrument aan te reiken, die hun denkproces voedt en die hen de mogelijkheid geeft om de nieuwe Belgische teksten, alsook de toekomstige interne en Europese rechtspraak te vatten. Het overheidsopdrachtenrecht is een boeiende rechtstak die steeds in beweging is.
Adoptées en 2014, les nouvelles directives européennes sur les marchés publics interpellent le praticien belge comme étranger. À peine le législateur belge nous a-t-il inondés de nouvelles dispositions dans cette matière, que le législateur européen a lui aussi créé de nouveaux textes, longs et complexes qui appellent une transposition interne. Néanmoins, la volte des textes doit aussi nous inciter à nous arrêter pour mieux comprendre les logiques qui se cachent derrière les interventions européennes. Quel est le degré d’innovation des nouveaux textes européens? Quelle est la place respectivement reconnue au principe de concurrence et aux logiques non concurrentielles, comme les politiques d’intégrité, de protection des PMEs, des politiques sociales et environnementales ? Cet ouvrage souhaite aborder cette question en resituant chacun de ces points dans son contexte historique et technique. Il permettra ainsi au praticien comme à l’académique de se doter des outils lui permettant de mûrir sa réflexion et d’appréhender les nouveaux textes belges, la future jurisprudence interne et européenne, muni d’un cadre solide pour en évaluer les implications concrètes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/23331
ISBN: 9782804490454
Category: B2
Type: Book Section
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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