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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/23258

Title: Organic Farming and Small-Scale Farmers: Main Opportunities and Challenges
Authors: Jouzi, Zeynab
Azadi, Hossein
Taheri, Fatemeh
Zarafshani, Kiumars
Gebrehiwot, Kindeya
Van Passel, Steven
Lebailly, Philippe
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS, 132, p. 144-154
Abstract: Producing enough food to meet the needs of a growing population has always been the greatest concern of food policy-makers around the world. Given the increasing attention to organic farming (OF), we conducted this study to investigate the main opportunities and challenges of the food production system of small-scale farmers in developing countries with an emphasis on their livelihoods. The study showed that the most significant advantages of OF are environmental protection and a higher resilience to environmental changes, increasing farmers' income and reducing external input cost, enhancing social capacity and increasing employment opportunities. A s well as enhancing food security primarily by increasing the food purchasing power of local people. However, the main challenges of this food production system include lower yields in comparison to conventional systems, difficulties with soil nutrient management, certification and market barriers, and the educational and research needs of small-holders. The paper concludes that even though OF might present some significant challenges to small-scale farmers, it could/should still be considered as a part of the solution and means of improving their livelihoods. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Notes: [Jouzi, Zeynab] Azad Univ, Sci & Res Branch, Dept Environm Management, Tehran, Iran. [Azadi, Hossein; Van Passel, Steven] Hasselt Univ, Ctr Environm Sci, Hasselt, Belgium. [Azadi, Hossein; Lebailly, Philippe] Univ Liege, Econ & Rural Dev, Liege, Belgium. [Azadi, Hossein] Univ Ghent, Dept Geog, Ghent, Belgium. [Taheri, Fatemeh] Ramin Agr & Nat Resources Univ, Dept Agr Extens & Educ, Molasani, Ahvaz, Iran. [Zarafshani, Kiumars] Razi Univ, Dept Agr Extens & Educ, Kermanshah, Iran. [Gebrehiwot, Kindeya] Mekelle Univ, Dept Land Resource Management & Environm Protect, Mekele, Ethiopia. [Van Passel, Steven] Univ Antwerp, Dept Engn Management, Antwerp, Belgium.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/23258
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2016.10.016
ISI #: 000390825200014
ISSN: 0921-8009
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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