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|Title: ||Predicting hospitalization and mortality in patients with heart failure: The BARDICHE-index|
|Authors: ||Uszko-Lencer, Nicole H. M. K.|
Spruit, Martijn A.
Maeder, Micha T.
Pfisterer, Matthias E.
Brunner-La Rocca, Hans-Peter
|Issue Date: ||2017|
|Publisher: ||ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD|
|Citation: ||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 227, p. 901-907|
|Abstract: ||Background: Prediction of events in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients is still difficult and available scores are often complex to calculate. Therefore, we developed and validated a simple-to-use, multidimensional prognostic index for such patients. Methods: A theoretical model was developed based on known prognostic factors of CHF that are easily obtainable: Bodymass index (B), Age (A), Resting systolic blood pressure (R), Dyspnea (D), N-termInal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) (I), Cockroft-Gault equation to estimate glomerular filtration rate (C), resting Heart rate (H), and Exercise performance using the 6-min walk test (E) (the BARDICHE-index). Scores were given for all components and added, the sumranging from1 (lowest value) to 25 points (maximal value), with estimated risk being highest in patients with highest scores. Scores were categorized into three groups: a low (<= 8 points); medium(9-16 points), or high (N16 points) BARDICHE-score. The model was validated in a data set of 1811 patients from two prospective CHF-cohorts (median follow-up 887 days). The primary outcome was 5-year all-cause survival. Secondary outcomes were 5-year survival without all-cause hospitalization and 5-year survival without CHF-related hospitalization. Results: There were significant differences between BARDICHE-risk groups for mortality (hazard ratio = 3.63 per BARDICHE-group, 95%-CI 3.10-4.25), mortality or all-cause hospitalization (HR = 2.00 per BARDICHE-group, 95%-CI 1.83-2.19), and mortality or CHF-related hospitalization (HR = 3.43 per BARDICHE-group, 95%-CI 3.01-3.92; all P < 10-50). Outcome was predicted independently of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and gender. Conclusions: The BARDICHE-index is a simple multidimensional prognostic tool for patients with CHF, independently of LVEF. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Notes: ||[Uszko-Lencer, Nicole H. M. K.; Brunner-La Rocca, Hans-Peter] MUMC, CARIM, Dept Cardiol, Maastricht, Netherlands. [Uszko-Lencer, Nicole H. M. K.; Spruit, Martijn A.] Ctr Expertise Chron Organ Failure, CIRO, Dept Res & Educ, Horn, Netherlands. [Frankenstein, Lutz; Zugck, Christian] Heidelberg Univ, Dept Cardiol, Angiol, Pulmonol, Heidelberg, Germany. [Spruit, Martijn A.] Hasselt Univ, REVAL Rehabil Res Ctr, BIOMED Biomed Res Inst, Fac Med & Life Sci, Diepenbeek, Belgium. [Maeder, Micha T.] Kantonsspital St Gallen, Dept Cardiol, St Gallen, Switzerland. [Gutmann, Marc] Univ Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Liestal, Switzerland. [Muzzarelli, Stefano] Fdn Cardioctr Ticino, Div Cardiol, Lugano, Switzerland. [Osswald, Stefan; Pfisterer, Matthias E.; Brunner-La Rocca, Hans-Peter] Univ Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Basel, Switzerland.|
|ISI #: ||000390480700145|
|Type: ||Journal Contribution|
|Appears in Collections: ||Research publications|
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