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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/23093

Title: Personalized subcutaneous administration of hepatitis B surface antibodies without nucleos(t)ide analogues is highly effective and reduces cost for hepatitis B prophylaxis after liver transplantation
Authors: Bielen, Rob
Robaeys, Geert
Schelfhout, S.
Monbaliu, D.
Van Der Merwe, S.
Pirenne, J.
Nevens, F.
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: The International Liver Congress™ 2017, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 19-23/04/2017
Abstract: Background and Aims Intravenous Hepatitis B Immunoglobulins (HBIG) in combination with nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) are the cornerstone of prophylaxis against Hepatitis B recurrence after liver transplantation (LT). Long-term use of IV HBIG has a high cost and the regular admission in the hospital is inconvenient. NAs alone does not prevent always HBsAg recurrence and can be nephrotoxic. SC HBIG can be self-administered. The optimal dose of SC HBIG without concomitant use of NAs has never been studied. Methods This is an investigator driven, prospective trial. All patients receiving IV HBIG were switched to SC HBIG (Zutectra®) without NAs. The doses and interval of SC HBIG administration was aimed to keep HBsAg and HBV DNA undetectable. First dosage of Zutectra® was based on the guidelines of the manufacturer (< 75 kg: 500 IU/week; ≥ 75 kg: 1.000 IU/week). Thereafter, the titer of HBsAb was monitored regularly and if the titer was higher than the target levels at 2 successive occasions, a dose reduction was executed. In patients with low risk of recurrence (pts with undetectable HBV without antiviral therapy before LT, pts with acute liver failure and Delta hepatitis co-infected pts), the targeted titer was ≥ 100 IU/l and in the other patients ≥ 200 IU/l. The tolerance of the patients (IV or SC) was assessed by a specific questionnaire. Results 44 patients were included in this trial. One patient preferred to switch again to IV HBIG, all the others (n=43) preferred SC HBIG, they did not report side effects and the compliance was 100%. The mean time after LT was 9 years ± 6 years. Mean follow up time was 2 years ± 7 months. None of the patients had a relapse of HBsAg or HBV DNA. The mean HBsAb titer before the study was 332 ± 173 IU/l. The mean HBsAb titer at the end of the follow up period was 253 ± 121IU/l in the low risk group (n=14) and 281 ± 91IU/l in the high risk group (n=21). In 76% (n=33) doses reductions were possible. The mean frequency of injection reduced from 1,4/w to 0,8/w. Conclusions All except one patient preferred subcutaneous HBIG. SC HBIG without NAs had a 100% success rate in the long-term prevention of HBsAg and HBV DNA reappearance. Doses adaptation based on pre LT risk factors for HBV recurrence resulted in the vast majority of the pts in reduction of doses and together with the self-administration and the no use of NAs, in a significant reduction of cost.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/23093
Category: C2
Type: Conference Material
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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