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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/23039

Title: Outbreak of trichinellosis related to eating imported wild boar meat, Belgium, 2014
Authors: Messiaen, Peter
Forier, Annemie
Vanderschueren, Steven
Theunissen, Caroline
Nijs, Jochen
Van Esbroeck, Marjan
Bottieau, Emmanuel
De Schrijver, Koen
Gyssens, Inge C.
Cartuyvels, Reinoud
Dorny, Pierre
van der Hilst, Jeroen
Blockmans, Daniel
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: EUR CENTRE DIS PREVENTION & CONTROL
Citation: EUROSURVEILLANCE, 21(37), p. 2-9
Abstract: Trichinellosis is a rare parasitic zoonosis caused by Trichinella following ingestion of raw or undercooked meat containing Trichinella larvae. In the past five years, there has been a sharp decrease in human trichinellosis incidence rates in the European Union due to better practices in rearing domestic animals and control measures in slaughterhouses. In November 2014, a large outbreak of trichinellosis occurred in Belgium, related to the consumption of imported wild boar meat. After a swift local public health response, 16 cases were identified and diagnosed with trichinellosis. Of the 16 cases, six were female. The diagnosis was confirmed by serology or the presence of larvae in the patients' muscle biopsies by histology and/or PCR. The ensuing investigation traced the wild boar meat back to Spain. Several batches of imported wild boar meat were recalled but tested negative. The public health investigation allowed us to identify clustered undiagnosed cases. Early warning alerts and a coordinated response remain indispensable at a European level.
Notes: [Messiaen, Peter; Gyssens, Inge C.; van der Hilst, Jeroen] Jessa Hosp, Dept Infect Dis & Immun, Hasselt, Belgium. [Messiaen, Peter; Gyssens, Inge C.; van der Hilst, Jeroen] Hasselt Univ, Biomed Res Inst, Hasselt, Belgium. [Forier, Annemie; De Schrijver, Koen] Agcy Care & Hlth, Dept Infect Dis Control, Hasselt, Belgium. [Vanderschueren, Steven; Blockmans, Daniel] Univ Hosp Leuven, Dept Gen Internal Med, Leuven, Belgium. [Theunissen, Caroline; Van Esbroeck, Marjan; Bottieau, Emmanuel] Inst Trop Med, Dept Clin Sci, Antwerp, Belgium. [Nijs, Jochen] St Trudo Hosp, Dept Gastroenterol, St Truiden, Belgium. [De Schrijver, Koen] Univ Antwerp, Dept Epidemiol, Antwerp, Belgium. [Gyssens, Inge C.] Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Med Ctr, Nijmegen, Netherlands. [Cartuyvels, Reinoud] Jessa Hosp, Dept Biol Clin, Hasselt, Belgium. [Dorny, Pierre] Inst Trop Med, Dept Biomed Sci, Antwerp, Belgium.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/23039
DOI: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2016.21.37.30341
ISI #: 000383672200001
ISSN: 1560-7917
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2017
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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