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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/22573

Title: Recent exposure to ultrafine particles in school children alters miR-222 expression in the extracellular fraction of saliva
Authors: Vriens, Annette
Nawrot, Tim S.
Saenen, Nelly D.
Provost, Eline B.
Kicinski, Michal
Lefebvre, Wouter
Vanpoucke, Charlotte
Van Deun, Jan
De Wever, Olivier
Vrijens, Karen
De Boever, Patrick
Plusquin, Michelle
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: Background: Ultrafine particles (< 100 nm) are ubiquitous present in the air and may contribute to adverse cardiovascular effects. Exposure to air pollutants can alter miRNA expression, which can affect downstream signaling pathways. miRNAs are present both in the intracellular and extracellular environment. In adults, miR-222 and miR-146a were identified as associated with particulate matter exposure. However, there is little evidence of molecular effects of ambient air pollution in children. This study examined whether exposure to fine and ultrafine particulate matter (PM) is associated with changes in the extracellular content of miR-222 and miR-146a of children. Methods: Saliva was collected from 80 children at two different time points, circa 11 weeks apart and stabilized for RNA preservation. The extracellular fraction of saliva was obtained by means of differential centrifugation and ultracentrifugation. Expression levels of miR-222 and miR-146a were profiled by qPCR. We regressed the extracellular miRNA expression against recent exposure to ultrafine and fine particles measured at the school site using mixed models, while accounting for sex, age, BMI, passive smoking, maternal education, hours of television use, time of the day and day of the week. Results: Exposure to ultrafine particles (UFP) at the school site was positively associated with miR-222 expression in the extracellular fraction in saliva. For each IQR increase in particles in the class room (+8504 particles/cm(3)) or playground (+ 28776 particles/cm(3)), miR-222 was, respectively 23.5 % (95 % CI: 3.5 %-41.1 %; p = 0.021) or 29.9 % (95 % CI: 10.6 %-49.1 %; p = 0.0027) higher. No associations were found between miR-146a and recent exposure to fine and ultrafine particles. Conclusions: Our results suggest a possible epigenetic mechanism via which cells respond rapidly to small particles, as exemplified by miR-222 changes in the extracellular fraction of saliva.
Notes: [Vriens, Annette; Nawrot, Tim S.; Saenen, Nelly D.; Provost, Eline B.; Kicinski, Michal; Vrijens, Karen; De Boever, Patrick; Plusquin, Michelle] Hasselt Univ, Ctr Environm Sci, Agoralaan,Bldg D, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium. [Nawrot, Tim S.] Leuven Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Leuven, Belgium. [Provost, Eline B.; Lefebvre, Wouter; De Boever, Patrick] Flemish Inst Technol Res VITO, Environm Risk & Hlth, Mol, Belgium. [Vanpoucke, Charlotte] Belgian Interreg Environm Agcy, Brussels, Belgium. [Van Deun, Jan; De Wever, Olivier] Ghent Univ Hosp, Dept Radiat Oncol & Expt Canc Res, Lab Expt Canc Res, Ghent, Belgium. [Plusquin, Michelle] Imperial Coll, Sch Publ Hlth, MRC PHE Ctr Environm & Hlth, London, England.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/22573
DOI: 10.1186/s12940-016-0162-8
ISI #: 000381567300001
ISSN: 1476-069X
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2017
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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