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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/22524

Title: Altered gas-exchange at peak exercise in obese adolescents: implications for verification of effort during cardiopulmonary exercise testing
Authors: Marinus, Nastasia
Bervoets, Liene
Massa, Guy
Verboven, Kenneth
Stevens, An
Takken, Tim
Hansen, Dominique
Issue Date: 2016
Status: Early View
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing is advised ahead of exercise intervention in obese adolescents to assess medical safety of exercise and physical fitness. Optimal validity and reliability of test results are required to identify maximal exercise effort. As fat oxidation during exercise is disturbed in obese individuals, it remains an unresolved methodological issue whether the respiratory gas exchange ratio (RER) is a valid marker for maximal effort during exercise testing in this population. METHODS: RER during maximal exercise testing (RERpeak), and RER trajectories, was compared between obese and lean adolescents and relationships between RERpeak, RER slope and subject characteristics (age, gender, body mass index (BMI), Tanner stage, physical activity level) were explored. Thirty-four obese (BMI: 35.1±5.1 kg/m2) and 18 lean (BMI: 18.8±1.9 kg/m2) adolescents (aged 12-18 years) performed a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test on bike, with comparison of oxygen uptake (VO2), heart rate (HR), expiratory volume (VE), carbon dioxide output (VCO2), and cycling power output (W). RESULTS: RERpeak (1.09±0.06 vs. 1.14±0.06 in obese vs. lean adolescents, respectively) and RER slope (0.03±0.01 vs. 0.05±0.01 per 10% increase in VO2, in obese vs. lean adolescents, respectively) was significantly lower in obese adolescents, and independently related to BMI (p<0.05). Adjusted for HRpeak and VEpeak, RERpeak and RER slope remained significantly lower in obese adolescents (p<0.05). RER trajectories (in relation to %VO2peak and %Wpeak) were significantly different between groups (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: RERpeak is significantly lowered in obese adolescents. This may have important methodological implications for cardiopulmonary exercise testing in this population.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/22524
ISSN: 0022-4707
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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