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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/224

Title: Interferon-gamma-induced calcium influx in T lymphocytes of multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis patients: a complementary mechanism for T cell activation?
Authors: BUNTINX, Mieke
AMELOOT, Marcel
STEELS, Paul
JANSSEN, Paul
MEDAER, Rob
GEUSENS, Piet
RAUS, Jef
STINISSEN, Piet
Keywords: Clinical trials
Issue Date: 2002
Citation: Journal of Neuroimmunology, 124(1-2). p. 70-82
Abstract: Autoreactive T lymphocytes are considered to play a crucial role in orchestrating a chronic inflammation in the central nervous system (CNS) of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and in the joints of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. However, it has been suggested that the majority of T cells in the immune infiltrate are nonspecifically recruited into the CNS and into the inflamed joint. In addition, several lines of evidence suggest an important role for interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in the pathogenesis of MS and RA. We have studied whether peripheral blood T cells from patients with autoimmune diseases are more susceptible to activation in the presence of IFN-γ. The results indicate that IFN-γ mediates a sustained elevated [Ca2+]i in T cells of (active) MS and RA patients as compared to healthy controls and patients with common viral infections. No [Ca2+]i increase was observed in Ca2+-free medium, excluding an effect of IFN-γ on Ca2+-release from intracellular stores. Although the IFN-γ-activated Ca2+-influx is insufficient to induce T cell proliferation in vitro, our data indicate a significantly augmented proliferation in response to suboptimal doses of PHA in the presence of IFN-γ. This study suggests that the IFN-γ-induced Ca2+-influx can act as a complementary mechanism in the activation of blood T lymphocytes from MS and RA patients.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/224
DOI: 10.1016/S0165-5728(01)00495-7
ISI #: 000174688600010
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2003
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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