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|Title: ||Relationship between Inflammatory Cytokines and Indices of Cardiac Dysfunction following Intense Endurance Exercise|
|Authors: ||La Gerche, Andre|
Inder, Warrick J.
Roberts, Timothy J.
Brosnan, Maria J.
Prior, David L.
|Issue Date: ||2015|
|Publisher: ||PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE|
|Citation: ||PLOS ONE, 10 (6)|
|Abstract: ||Objectives Pro-inflammatory cytokines have been noted to increase following exercise but their relationship to exercise-induced cardiac dysfunction has not previously been investigated. We sought to evaluate whether exercise-induced cardiac dysfunction was associated with increases in cytokines, particularly the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1 beta, IL-12p70 and TNF alpha, which have been most implicated in cardiac pathology. Methods 40 well-trained endurance athletes underwent evaluation prior to and immediately following one of four endurance sporting events ranging from 3 to 11 hours duration. Cytokines (IL-1 beta, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70 and TNF alpha) were analyzed by flow cytometry from serum samples collected within 50 minutes of race completion. Cardiac troponin (cTnI) and B-type natriuretic peptide were combined with an echocardiographic assessment of cardiac function, and a composite of cTnI > 0.04 mu g/L, BNP increase > 10 ng/L and a decrease in right ventricular ejection (RVEF) > 10% were prospectively defined as evidence of myocardial dysfunction. Results Relative to baseline, IL-6 IL-8 and IL-10 increased 8.5-, 2.9-, and 7.1-fold, respectively, P<0.0001. Thirty-one (78%), 19 (48%) and 18 (45%) of the athletes met the pre-specified criteria for significant cTnI, BNP and RVEF changes, respectively. TNF alpha, IL-12p70 were univariate predictors of Delta RVEF and Delta BNP whilst none of the anti-inflammatory cytokines were significantly associated with these measures. Ten athletes (25%, all athletes competing in the endurance event of longest duration) met criteria for exercise-induced myocardial dysfunction. In these 10 athletes with myocardial dysfunction, as compared to those without, there was significantly greater post-race expression of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-12p70 (8.1 +/- 3.8pg/ml vs. 2.5 +/- 2.6pg/ml, P<0.0001) and TNF alpha (6.5 +/- 3.1pg/ml vs. 2.0 +/- 2.5pg/ml, P<0.0001). Conclusion Cardiac dysfunction following intense endurance exercise was associated with increased expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. This does not prove a causal relationship but provides rationale for further investigations into whether inflammation mediates exercise-induced myocardial dysfunction.|
|Notes: ||[La Gerche, Andre] Baker IDI Heart & Diabet Inst, Melbourne, Vic, Australia. [La Gerche, Andre; Roberts, Timothy J.; Brosnan, Maria J.; Prior, David L.] St Vincents Hosp Melbourne, Fitzroy, Vic, Australia. [La Gerche, Andre] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Univ Hosp Leuven, Louvain, Belgium. [Roberts, Timothy J.; Brosnan, Maria J.; Prior, David L.] Univ Melbourne, St Vincents Dept Med, Fitzroy, Vic 3065, Australia. [Inder, Warrick J.] Univ Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, Australia. [Inder, Warrick J.] Princess Alexandra Hosp, Brisbane, Qld 4102, Australia. [Heidbuchel, Hein] Hasselt Univ & Heart Ctr, Hasselt, Belgium.|
|ISI #: ||000356327000137|
|Type: ||Journal Contribution|
|Validation: ||ecoom, 2016|
|Appears in Collections: ||Research publications|
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