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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/21709

Title: Incidence of prolonged postoperative ileus after colorectal surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Authors: Wolthuis, A. M.
Bislenghi, G.
Fieuws, Steffen
de Buck van Overstraeten, A.
Boeckxstaens, G.
D'Hoore, A.
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: COLORECTAL DISEASE, 18 (1)
Abstract: Aim Prolonged postoperative ileus (PPOI) after colorectal surgery remains a leading cause of delayed postoperative recovery and prolonged hospital stay. Its exact incidence is unknown. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the definitions and incidence of PPOI previously described. Method MEDLINE, Embase and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (up to July 2014) were searched. Two authors independently reviewed citations using predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results The search strategy yielded 3233 citations; 54 were eligible, comprising 18 983 patients. Twenty-six studies were prospective [17 of these being randomized controlled trials (RCTs)] and 28 were retrospective. Meta-analysis revealed an incidence of PPOI of 10.3% (95% CI 8.4-12.5) and 10.2% (95% CI 5.6-17.8) for non-RCTs and RCTs, respectively. Significant heterogeneity was observed for both non-RCTs and for RCTs. The used definition of PPOI, the type of surgery and access (laparoscopic, open) and the duration of surgery lead to significant variability of reported PPOI incidence between studies. The incidence of PPOI is lower after laparoscopic colonic resection. Conclusion There is a large variation in the reported incidence of PPOI. A uniform definition of PPOI is needed to allow meaningful inter-study comparisons and to evaluate strategies to prevent PPOI.
Notes: [Wolthuis, A. M.; Bislenghi, G.; van Overstraeten, A. de Buck; D'Hoore, A.] Univ Hosp Leuven, Dept Abdominal Surg, Leuven, Belgium. [Fieuws, S.] Univ Leuven, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. [Fieuws, S.] Univ Hasselt, Interuniv Ctr Biostat & Stat Bioinformat, Leuven, Belgium. [Boeckxstaens, G.] Univ Hosp Leuven, KU Leuven Translat Res Ctr Gastrointestinal Disor, Leuven, Belgium.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/21709
DOI: 10.1111/codi.13210
ISI #: 000368355200001
ISSN: 1462-8910
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2017
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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