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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/21504

Title: Investigating risky, distracting, and protective peer passenger effects in a dual process framework
Authors: Ross, Veerle
Jongen, Ellen M.M.
Brijs, Kris
Brijs, Tom
Wets, Geert
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: Prior studies indicated higher collision rates among young novice drivers with peer passengers. This driving simulator study provided a test for a dual process theory of risky driving by examining social rewards (peer passengers) and cognitive control (inhibitory control). The analyses included age (17–18 yrs, n = 30; 21–24 yrs, n = 20). Risky, distracting, and protective effects were classified by underlying driver error mechanisms. In the first drive, participants drove alone. In the second, participants drove with a peer passenger. Red-light running (violation) was more prevalent in the presence of peer passengers, which provided initial support for a dual process theory of risk driving. In a subgroup with low inhibitory control, speeding (violation) was more prevalent in the presence of peer passengers. Reduced lane-keeping variability reflected distracting effects. Nevertheless, possible protective effects for amber-light running and hazard handling (cognition and decision-making) were found in the drive with peer passengers. Avenues for further research and possible implications for targets of future driver training programs are discussed.
Notes: Ross, V (reprint author), Hasselt Univ, Transportat Res Inst IMOB, Sci Pk Bldg 5,Bus 6, BE-3590 Hasselt, Belgium. veerle.ross@uhasselt.be; ellen.jongen@uhasselt.be; kris.brijs@uhasselt.be; tom.brijs@uhasselt.be; geert.wets@uhasselt.be
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/21504
DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2016.05.007
ISI #: 000379558900022
ISSN: 0001-4575
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2017
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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