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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/20628

Title: Impact of self-esteem and personality traits on the association between orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality of life in adults seeking orthodontic treatment
Authors: Clijmans, Maïté
Lemiere, Jurgen
Fieuws, Steffen
Willems, Guy
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Citation: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS, 37 (6), p. 643-650
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether an association exists between orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and whether this association is moderated by self-esteem (SE) and/or personality traits. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study comprising 189 adults (55 males and 134 females) aged 17 or older (mean age 31.3 years), the OHRQoL was scored by the use of the shortened version of the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14). The Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used to evaluate SE, and the Dutch adaptation of the Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Five-Factor Inventory was used to assess personality profiles. Need for treatment was defined by the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need. Spearman correlations, Mann-Whitney U-tests, and regression models were used to analyse the data. Results: There is a modest to weak association between treatment need (Dental Health Component and aesthetic component) and OHRQoL as measured by the total OHIP-14 score (rho = 0.21, P = 0.01216;. = 0.18, P = 0.02960, respectively). A significant, yet modest to weak, association between SE and the total OHIP-14 score was found (rho = -0.34, P = 0.00057). Moreover, significant associations were found for the total OHIP-14 score and neuroticism and extraversion. Significant associations can be found between SE and all personality traits. Conclusions: There was a significant association between orthodontic treatment need and OHRQoL. Moreover, a significant association can be found between SE and OHRQoL, as well as certain personality traits and OHRQoL. No evidence was found that SE or personality traits moderate the association between OHRQoL and treatment need.
Notes: [Clijmans, Maite; Willems, Guy] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Oral Hlth Sci Orthodont, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium. [Clijmans, Maite; Willems, Guy] Univ Hosp Leuven, Dent, Leuven, Belgium. [Lemiere, Jurgen] Katholieke Univ Leuven, UZ Gasthuisberg, Child & Adolescent Psychiat Pediat Haematooncol, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium. [Fieuws, Steffen] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Interuniv Inst Biostat & Stat Bioinformat, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium. [Fieuws, Steffen] Univ Hasselt, Hasselt, Belgium.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/20628
DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cju092
ISI #: 000366486200012
ISSN: 0141-5387
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2017
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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