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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/20609

Title: Self-assembled conjugated polyelectrolyte-surfactant complexes as efficient cathode interlayer materials for bulk heterojunction organic solar cells
Authors: Chevrier, Michele
Houston, Judith E.
Kesters, Jurgen
Van den Brande, Niko
Terry, Ann E.
Richeter, Sébastien
Mehdi, Ahmad
Coulembier, Olivier
Dubois, Philippe
Lazzaroni, Roberto
Van Mele, Bruno
Maes, Wouter
Evans, Rachel C.
Clément, Sébastien
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Citation: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A, 3 (47), p. 23905-23916
Abstract: Interfacial engineering is poised to play a key role in delivering solution-processable organic solar cells that simultaneously feature low cost and high efficiency. Here, we report the strategic design, synthesis and characterisation of phosphonium-functionalised polythiophene homo-(P3HTPMe(3)) and diblock (P3HT-b-P3HTPMe(3)) conjugated polyelectrolytes (CPEs) coupled with either bromide (Br-) or dodecylsulfate (DS-) surfactant counterions, for application as cathodic interlayers in polymer solar cells. The counterion is shown to have a pronounced effect on the properties of the CPEs in solution. Optical studies revealed that the bulkier DS- counterion hinders interchain interactions more effectively, leading to a moderate blue-shift in the absorption and emission maxima. Similarly, small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) studies also indicated that the solution structures, solvent content, and therefore hydrophobicity, were extremely dependent on both the CPE structure and counterion. The effect of the CPE structure on the thermal properties of the CPE-surfactant complexes was also investigated by Rapid Heat-Cool calorimetry (RHC) measurements. CPE-DS complexes were subsequently employed as cathodic interfacial layers and shown to boost the efficiency of PBDTTPD : PC71BM solar cells, leading to enhanced power conversion efficiencies of 8.65% and 8.78% (on average) for P3HTPMe(3), DS and P3HT-b-P3HTPMe(3), DS, respectively. These values are significantly higher (similar to 20%) than those for the corresponding device incorporating a Ca interfacial layer (7.18%), which is attributed to an increase in short-circuit current density. Atomic force microscopy studies revealed distinctions in the adhesion efficiencies of the CPE-DS complexes to the photoactive layer, which is attributed to differences in the relative hydrophobicity of the CPEs in the deposition solution.
Notes: [Chevrier, Michele; Richeter, Sebastien; Mehdi, Ahmad; Clement, Sebastien] Univ Montpellier, Inst Charles Gerhardt, UMR 5253, F-34095 Montpellier 05, France. [Chevrier, Michele; Coulembier, Olivier; Dubois, Philippe] Univ Mons UMONS, Ctr Innovat Mat & Polymers, Res Inst Sci & Engn Mat, Lab Polymer & Composites Mat, B-7000 Mons, Belgium. [Houston, Judith E.; Evans, Rachel C.] Univ Dublin Trinity Coll, Sch Chem, Dublin 2, Ireland. [Kesters, Jurgen; Maes, Wouter] Hasselt Univ, Inst Mat Res IMO Design & Synth Organ Semicond DS, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium. [Van den Brande, Niko; Van Mele, Bruno] VUB, Phys Chem & Polymer Sci PYSC, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium. [Terry, Ann E.] Rutherford Appleton Lab, ISIS CCLRC, Chilton OX11 0QX, Oxon, England. [Lazzaroni, Roberto] Univ Mons UMONS, Lab Chem Novel Mat, Ctr Innovat Mat & Polymers, Res Inst Sci & Engn Mat, B-7000 Mons, Belgium. [Evans, Rachel C.] Univ Dublin Trinity Coll, CRANN, Dublin 2, Ireland.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/20609
DOI: 10.1039/c5ta06966a
ISI #: 000365205000032
ISSN: 2050-7488
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2016
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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