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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/20608

Title: Environmental and economic performance of plasma gasification in Enhanced Landfill Mining
Authors: Danthurebandara, Maheshi
Van Passel, Steven
Vanderreydt, Ive
Van Acker, Karel
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation: WASTE MANAGEMENT, 45, p. 458-467
Abstract: This paper describes an environmental and economic assessment of plasma gasification, one of the viable candidates for the valorisation of refuse derived fuel from Enhanced Landfill Mining. The study is based on life cycle assessment and life cycle costing. Plasma gasification is benchmarked against conventional incineration, and the study indicates that the process could have significant impact on climate change, human toxicity, particulate matter formation, metal depletion and fossil depletion. Flue gas emission, oxygen usage and disposal of residues (plasmastone) are the major environmental burdens, while electricity production and metal recovery represent the major benefits. Reductions in burdens and improvements in benefits are found when the plasmastone is valorised in building materials instead of landfilling. The study indicates that the overall environmental performance of plasma gasification is better than incineration. The study confirms a trade-off between the environmental and economic performance of the discussed scenarios. Net electrical efficiency and investment cost of the plasma gasification process and the selling price of the products are the major economic drivers. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Notes: [Danthurebandara, Maheshi; Van Acker, Karel] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Mat Engn, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium. [Danthurebandara, Maheshi; Van Passel, Steven] Hasselt Univ, Ctr Environm Sci, B-3500 Hasselt, Belgium. [Van Passel, Steven] Univ Antwerp, B-2000 Antwerp, Belgium. [Vanderreydt, Ive] VITO NV, Sustainable Mat Management Unit, B-2400 Mol, Belgium.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/20608
DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2015.06.022
ISI #: 000364796800050
ISSN: 0956-053X
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2016
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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