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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/20594

Title: Amplitude Manipulation Evokes Upper Limb Freezing during Handwriting in Patients with Parkinson's Disease with Freezing of Gait
Authors: Heremans, Elke
Nackaerts, Evelien
Vervoort, Griet
Vercruysse, Sarah
Broeder, Sanne
Strouwen, Carolien
Swinnen, Stephan P.
Nieuwboer, Alice
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: PLOS ONE, 10 (11)
Abstract: Background Recent studies show that besides freezing of gait (FOG), many people with Parkinson's disease (PD) also suffer from freezing in the upper limbs (FOUL). Up to now, it is unclear which task constraints provoke and explain upper limb freezing. Objective To investigate whether upper limb freezing and other kinematic abnormalities during writing are provoked by (i) gradual changes in amplitude or by (ii) sustained amplitude generation in patients with and without freezing of gait. Methods Thirty-four patients with PD, including 17 with and 17 without FOG, performed a writing task on a touch-sensitive writing tablet requiring writing at constant small and large size as well as writing at gradually increasing and decreasing size. Patients of both groups were matched for disease severity, tested while 'on' medication and compared to healthy age-matched controls. Results Fifty upper limb freezing episodes were detected in 10 patients, including 8 with and 2 without FOG. The majority of the episodes occurred when participants had to write at small or gradually decreasing size. The occurrence of FOUL and the number of FOUL episodes per patient significantly correlated with the occurrence and severity of FOG. Patients with FOUL also showed a significantly smaller amplitude in the writing parts outside the freezing episodes. Conclusions Corroborating findings of gait research, the current study supports a core problem in amplitude control underlying FOUL, both in maintaining as well as in flexibly adapting the cycle size.
Notes: [Heremans, Elke; Nackaerts, Evelien; Vervoort, Griet; Broeder, Sanne; Strouwen, Carolien; Nieuwboer, Alice] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Neuromotor Rehabil Res Grp, Dept Rehabil Sci, Leuven, Belgium. [Vercruysse, Sarah] Hasselt Univ, Ctr Stat, Hasselt, Belgium. [Swinnen, Stephan P.] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Movement Control & Neuroplast Res Grp, Dept Kinesiol, Leuven, Belgium.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/20594
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0142874
ISI #: 000365154600063
ISSN: 1932-6203
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2016
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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